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Crop Report – for May. 20, 2010

SOUTHWEST:

Seeding operations resumed at the beginning of the week and warm and sunny conditions prevailed most of the week. A few scattered showers resulted in minimal accumulations; moisture conditions are rated as good.

Approximately 70 per cent of the cereal crop is seeded. Some areas have completed seeding with some areas still waiting for drier conditions. Fifty per cent of the canola and flax crop has been planted and producers are starting to plant sunflowers.

Early-seeded cereal crops are in the two-to three-leaf stage and some early-seeded canola crops are starting to emerge. Weed control will be starting in the early-seeded cereal crops.

Pasture and hayland have improved from the recent rains and several producers have started moving cattle to pasture.

NORTHWEST:

Favourable weather conditions were widespread across the region. Some wet soils remain. However, spring operations have generally resumed.

Approximately 70 per cent of the planned cereal acres are seeded with the most progress seen in the southern half of the region. Total canola-seeded acres is estimated at 35 per cent complete. The Roblin area is 60 per cent complete, while canola-seeding progress is variable in other areas. Approximately 35 per cent of the wheat acres has emerged and ranges in development from two-to four-leaf stage.

Pre-seed herbicide applications are being done.

Hay and pasture growth is developing well. Livestock are being moved to pasture.

CENTRAL:

Producers are welcoming this week’s forecast of warm temperatures and no rain. The west side of the region was back in the field by the end of last week, while the east side is waiting and should resume seeding early this week.

Portage, Carberry, Somerset and Pilot Mound areas are finishing up cereal seeding and should be done in the coming week. Corn, soybean and sunflower seeding will continue this week and some producers may start seeding edible beans at end of week.

Germination of the early-seeded crop is a concern to a few producers due to the cool and wet conditions of the last two weeks. Frost damage is evident on cereals with symptoms of yellow banding on the leaves.

Winter wheat growth is very good and a number of producers were able to spray herbicides. Some fields in the Somerset area with volunteer winter wheat are showing symptoms of wheat streak mosaic.

Herbicide applications will begin on early-seeded cereals. Burnoff herbicide applications will be taking place this week given the good weed growth.

Diamondback moths have been found in pheromone-baited traps in the Altona and Carman areas. Flea beetle activity is noticeable on volunteer canola and early-seeded canola at low levels.

Forage and pasture have enough moisture and will welcome the heat for growth.

EASTERN:

Seeding was delayed by cool weather and rainshowers early in the week. Light field work started May 14 to help dry unseeded fields and control weed populations.

Early-seeded cereal crops are emerging nicely; wheat and barley development ranges from emergence to three-leaf stage and oats range from emergence to two-leaf stage. Canola development ranges from emergence to cotyledon stage. Soybeans, flax, corn and sunflowers are expected to emerge next week with the warmer temperatures. Fields that experienced higher rainfall amounts have thin crop stands and patchy emergence in some low areas.

Winter wheat fields are tillering and in-crop spraying will continue.

Weed populations are high, particularly in unseeded fields. Wet field conditions prevented some burnoff herbicide applications from occuring. Wild oats are the primary weed problem.

There is evidence of diamondback moths and flea beetles in some areas but trap counts still remain relatively low.

Hayfields and pastures have improved following the precipitation and warm weather late in the week. More cattle are expected to be placed on pasture this week and next week.

INTERLAKE:

Temperatures were cool at the start of the week but improved over the weekend. Only trace amounts of precipitation was received throughout the region.

Seeding was delayed until end of the week in areas where soils were saturated from the recent rains. Seeding progress in the south Interlake ranges between 75 and 100 per cent complete with a few pockets about 50 per cent completed. Canola and soybeans are the predominant crops currently being planted. In the Arborg, Riverton and Ashern areas, seeding is estimated to be 50 per cent complete, with 75 per cent of the cereals seeded and 25 to 30 per cent of the canola planted. Seeding was delayed until the weekend in the area west of Fisher Branch due to wet field conditions.

Pre-seeding herbicide applications are being made. Early-planted wheat crops are in the two-to three-leaf stage.

Herbicide applications have started on winter wheat crops. Warm temperatures have improved pasture grass and hay crop

growth. A few cattle herds are grazing pastures with supplemental forage feed being provided.

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