Final Manitoba crop report for 2012

Provincial summary

  •  In Manitoba, the majority of acres have been harvested. The remaining crops to be harvested are mainly sunflowers and grain corn, with a few acres of soybeans, potatoes and alfalfa seed.
  •  Crop yields in Manitoba were variable in 2012, largely dependent upon the amount and timing of precipitation during the growing season, temperatures during flowering, and level of disease pressure.
  •  Crop quality for the majority of crop types was average to above average, due to lower-than-normal disease pressure and good weather conditions during harvest. Smaller seed size was noted for some crop types.
  •  Recent precipitation was welcomed. It will aid in germination and emergence of winter wheat and fall rye, fall fieldwork, fertilizer applications, and replenishing soil moisture reserves.

Southwest Region

Majority of the 2012 harvest is complete with only sunflowers and the odd field of corn still to be done.

Winter wheat average yields ranged from 60 to 75 bu/acre with good quality. Fall rye yields averaged 45 to 55 bu/acre with good quality.

Hard red spring wheat averaged 40 to 55 bu/acre with good quality. Most is grading 1 CW with high protein. Barley averaged 45 to 60 bu/acre with average to below average quality due to lighter bushel weights. Oat yields were variable with the average being 60 to 70 bu/acre. Average to below-average quality was reported; hot and dry conditions resulted in light bushel weights.

Canola yields varied with the average ranging from 25 to 35 bu/acre with good quality. Yields were impacted by disease and a poor start in the spring (flea beetle and cutworm damage).

Flax yields averaged 20 to 25 bu/acre with good quality. Disease and dry conditions reduced yields.

Hay supply looks to be adequate with most producers that needed to source feed having done so.

Northwest Region

Average yield of hard red spring was approximately 40 bu/acre with 40 per cent of the crop grading 1 CW. Oats averaged 80 bu/acre with 60 per cent grading 2 CW. Average barley yield was 50 bu/acre with 75 per cent grading 2 CW. Heat and moisture stress contributed to light weights in barley and oats. In general, low incidence of fusarium, ergot and wheat midge was reported.

Canola graded 90 per cent 1 CAN with yields averaging 23 bu/acre. Canola yields and quality were impacted by heat stress, higher incidence of aster yellows, and a variety of insect pest problems including Bertha armyworm, flea beetles and lygus bugs.

Soybean average yields ranged above 45 bu/acre with very good quality. Winter wheat and fall rye seeded acres have decreased by at least 20 per cent from last year due to dry soil.

Localized forage shortages exist where excess spring moisture events and previous years flood impacted tame and native hay lands exist, adjacent to Lake Manitoba, Dauphin and Winnipegosis.

Central Region

Winter wheat ields ranged from 50 to 95 bu/acre with average in the 75 to 85 bu/acre range. Protein ranged from nine to 13.7 per cen. The crop graded 2 CW or better; very little downgrading due to fusarium head blight and quality is generally good to excellent.

Spring wheat yields varied widely, ranging from 30 to 70 bu/acre with most reporting 50 to 55 bu/acre, average for their areas.

Barley yields ranged from 40 to 95 bu/acre, with the majority in the 70 to 85 bu/acre range. Quality is generally good with low fusarium

Canola yields were disappointing for many. Yields were variable, ranging from 15 to 50 bu/acre, averaging around 25 to 30 bu/acre.

Edible bean harvest is complete. Yields range from 1,200 to 2,500 lbs/acre, averaging 1,800 lbs/acre. Quality is good, with some reports of cracked seed coats or green seeds.

Soybean harvest is almost complete. Yields vary from 20 to 50 bu/acre, averaging between 25 to 30 bu/acre.

Pastures are in fair to poor condition, due to lack of rainfall. Hay fields are in fair to good condition, also suffering from low rainfall. There is a reasonable supply of all classes of feed, including straw, for a portion of the region, but a number of areas report some concerns with feed supply.

Subsoil moisture is depleted and requires recharge in much of the region. Dugouts and wells are lower than normal for this time of year.

Eastern Region

Across the region, winter wheat average yield was 80 bu/acre with most of the crop grading 2 CW. Hard red spring wheat average yield was 50 bu/acre with 40 per cent of the crop grading 1 CW and 60 per cent grading 2 CW. Oats average yield was 90 bu/acre with 60 per cent of the crop grading 2CW and the balance grading either 3CW or 4CW. Barley average yield was 55 bu/acre.

Canola average yield was 25 bu/acre with 50 per cent of the crop grading 1 CAN and the balance grading 2 CAN.

Winter feed supplies in southern and central districts of the Eastern Region were rated as 80 to 100 per cent inadequate for hay, mostly adequate for straw and greenfeed and at least 80 per cent inadequate for feed grain. Producers were expecting to market their calves earlier this fall in an attempt to conserve feed supplies.

Interlake Region

Harvest is 95 per cent complete with some corn and sunflowers left in the south Interlake, and some soybeans and alfalfa seed remaining in the north Interlake. Yield summary for annual crops is as follows: winter wheat 65 bu/acre, fall rye 85 bu/acre, spring wheat 40 bu/acre, oats 70 bu/acre, barley 60 bu/acre, flax 20 bu/acre, canola 28 bu/acre, field peas 38 bu/acre, soybeans 35 bu/acre, corn 100 bu/acre, and confection sunflowers 2000 lbs/acre.

Fall tillage is 80 per cent complete as conditions have been too dry for effective results. Fall fertilization has not yet started due to dry conditions. Feeding on pastures is general grazing hayfields or stockpiled except for those producers that are forages.

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