Most of the region received rainfall over the past week, with the majority of accumulation occurring on the weekend. Strong winds were also reported. Overall moisture condition is rated as good, but some areas report excess moisture.
Seeding of cereal crops is 90 per cent complete, with early-seeded crops in the three-to four-leaf stage. With good growing conditions, producers will begin spraying for weed control by end of the week. Oilseed crop seeding is 70 per cent complete, with some of the early-seeded crops starting to emerge.
Sunflower, corn and soybean planting are 50 per cent complete. Peas and lentils are 100 per cent seeded and have emerged, with most producers preparing to spray for weeds. With good weather this week producers will complete seeding.
Winter wheat and fall rye crops look good in most areas, with some early rye in the flag-leaf stage. Wheat streak mosaic was reported in the Tilston area with producers having to reseed.
Pastures are in good shape and many producers have cattle out grazing. Dugouts are three-quarters to full.
Over the weekend, most areas in the region received precipitation. Along with some periods of very high winds, planting and preseed herbicide operations were interrupted. Some producers continue to deal with wet soil conditions and have little seeded to date. Producers in The Pas have just completed wheat seeding, with none emerged. Overall, about 90 per cent of cereals have been seeded, with 60 per cent at the two-to four-leaf stage. About 75 per cent of the canola acres are seeded and 40 per cent have emerged. Some poor germination has been reported with some reseeding being done.
Flea beetle activity on canola has been a concern on some of the early-seeded canola stands. Wild oats and other annuals are emerging in-crop.
Forages and pastures are rated in good to excellent condition.
Rainfall resulted in varied accumulations across the region which will delay the finishing of seeding for a few days. Weeds are growing very well with the rain and warm weather and producers will want to get some spraying completed this week. Fields are being sprayed with burn-down chemicals prior to seeding to control emerged weeds.
Cereals are in the four-to five-leaf stage and starting to tiller. Canola growth is variable, ranging from cotyledon to four-leaf stage. Sunflowers and soybeans are just emerging. A few fields have had germination issues; some canola, wheat, oats, barley and corn acres were reseeded due to excess moisture, crusting or seed rot. Early-seeded potato fields are starting to emerge and hilling has begun.
A few fields in the Portage and Carberry areas were sprayed for flea beetles. In a number of canola fields the flea beetles are feeding on plants but canola growth is able to keep ahead. Producers should be aware that cutworms are appearing in fields. Diamondback moths are being collected in traps and canola fields will be monitored for larvae in the coming weeks.
Cattle are being put out on pastures and the recent rain will keep pastures growing well.
Seeding in the region resumed earlier in the week, which allowed many producers to wrap up spring planting by the weekend. The majority of unseeded acres include soybeans and canola. In a few areas, seed rot damage in oat fields due to excess moisture prompted some reseeding to occur. Excellent germination for all crops in the majority of fields has led to very good plant populations.
Cereal crop development ranges from emergence to early-tillering stage, while canola ranges from emergence to first true-leaf stage. Soybeans, corn and sunflowers are just emerging. Herbicide spraying in winter wheat fields is complete and fields are tillering.
Optimal growing conditions favour hayfields and pastures. First-cut alfalfa is expected to begin later this week.
Weed populations continue to increase with ideal growing conditions this past week. In-crop spraying in cereals has begun and is expected to increase once field conditions improve. Flea beetle activity is a concern in some areas where canola emergence was delayed due to prolonged cool weather and recent temperature increase. There’s evidence of damage to young canola seedlings but no reports of spraying insecticides. Diamondback moth counts are high in a few areas, indicating a potential concern later this summer.
Warm, dry conditions prevailed early in the week, with cooler weather moving in on the weekend. Spotty showers fell across the region over the weekend, along with strong winds on Sunday.
Dry weather over the past seven days allowed for rapid seeding progress. Seeding is complete in the southern areas of the region, while in the northern areas, seeding is 80 per cent complete. Some areas are still too wet to seed, with soybeans, canola and greenfeed some of the crops remaining to be seeded.
Early-seeded cereals are in the four-to five-leaf stage and early canola is at the two-to four-true-leaf stage. Herbicide applications are underway on early-seeded canola and cereal acres. Flea beetles are present in some canola fields but are not yet causing economic damage.
Forages have advanced nicely under excellent growing conditions. Alfalfa is 30 cm tall but not yet budding. Pastures are showing good growth and cattle are being set out; isolated cases of supplemental feeding are occurring.