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Crop Report – for Jul. 30, 2009

SOUTHWEST REGION

Spotty showers throughout the region resulted in five to 15 mm of precipitation.

Cereal crop development ranges from filling to starting to flower. Canola crops range in development from flowering to podding. Flax is flowering. Sunflowers are in the bud stage.

Fungicide is nearly complete. Producers are monitoring sunflower fields for rust.

Most areas reported an average to below-average first cut of hay. Rainfall is needed to help the second cut. Pastures are starting to dry down.

Grasshoppers are the major insect concern at this time as hay crops come off they begin to move into annual crops.

NORTHWEST REGION

Intermittent showers over the week brought much needed moisture, particularly around Ste. Rose and Roblin.

Cereal crops are 75 to 100 per cent headed out, peas are podding and 25 to 75 per cent of the canola fields are podding. Apothecia are present, mostly in areas where canola was planted into canola stubble. Fungicide applications on canola are nearing completion.

Haying progress is approximately 50 per cent complete with the crop being taken off in good condition between the light rainshowers. Lower-than-normal yields are being reported on older stands with newer stands yielding better. Alfalfa weevil damage is still a concern, particularly in the eastern side of the region. Pasture conditions are rated in fair condition.

CENTRAL REGION

Thundershowers July 21 brought precipitation ranging from trace amounts up to 50 mm in the Morris area. The remainder of the week was mostly sunny with scattered showers.

Fungicide applications continue on canola and cereals. Oats are in flag to full panicle emergence. Spring wheat is in flag to fully flowered; barley is fully headed, and as advanced as soft dough stage.

Soybeans and some edible beans are flowering. Sunflowers range widely in height. Flax also ranges widely from close to budding to almost done flowering. Yellowing due to iron chlorosis, associated with excess moisture, is evident in many fields.

Fall rye is ripening and some winter wheat is starting to turn.

Grasshoppers continue to be a problem in localized areas. Bertha army worm moth trap counts continue to be low. Sunflower beetles are laying eggs; larvae are feeding but damage is not economic at this point.

Potato growth is variable, with the most advanced fields filling in between rows. Fungicide application continues.

First-cut hay crop is almost complete with good yields and variation on quality depending on rain. Second-cut alfalfa is growing well; cutting has started. Beef-quality hay is almost complete. Pastures are rated in fair to good condition; growth has suffered with cool temperatures and excess moisture.

EASTERN REGION

Crop development is variable. Barley is the most advanced with the majority of fields headed out. Spr ing wheat fields are about 70 per cent headed. Early-seeded canola is finished blooming but over half of the acres are either full flower or the early-flowering stage. Fungicide applications on the most advanced canola are complete and producers are now accessing the economical benefits of spraying the later-flowering canola. Soybeans are mostly in the R1 to R2 stage with most fields beginning to green up as saturated soils are drying up. Flax is 25 to 30 cm tall and forming flower buds. Corn development is extremely variable throughout the region with crop height ranging from 0.5 to 1.5 metres. Sunflowers are in the R1 stage.

Hayfield and pasture land conditions are rated as good. First-cut hay is complete and the second-cut alfalfa is about one week behind normal. Alfalfa yields are below average at 1.5 tons/acre and alfalfa/grass stands producing two tons/acre. Feed supply remains a concern.

INTERLAKE REGION

Warm daytime temperatures prevailed throughout the past week and scattered showers resulted in some precipitation.

The warmer temperatures are aiding the development of grain crops and advancement of the warm-season crops such as soybeans and corn. Late-seeded green feed crops, including cereals and millet, are advancing slowly.

The drier conditions have helped the progress of hay crop harvest. Areas suffering from excess moisture are reporting hay yields varying from poor to excellent. There remain areas with water ponding making hay harvest difficult. Feed supply remains a concern with producers.

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