GFM Network News


Protect the health of the youngest members of your herd by keeping a close eye out for scours.

Keep an eye out for scours

Reduce the risk of scours and other early-life problems for calves with these tips

Protect your calves from scours, especially during the first days of life. The majority of scours, or diarrhea, cases occur when calves are three and 16 days old. Untreated calves essentially die of shock from a loss of fluids, say production specialists from North Dakota State University. “Calf scours are most often associated with infectious,

A nursing cow needs to have enough nutritional value to share the wealth with her calf.

Make sure rations are adequate for lactating cows

The first 60 to 90 days post-calving are the most nutritionally demanding period in the production cycle, and the expectations for a cow at this time are many

Calving season is in full swing, and the first 60 to 90 days post-calving are the most nutritionally demanding period in the production cycle, according to two North Dakota State University animal scientists. “The expectations for a cow at this time are many,” says Janna Block, livestock systems specialist at the Hettinger Research Extension Center.


Hair loss in the neck, across the shoulders and withers, and in the udder area is an indication that cattle have lice.

Persistent lice in cattle a potent problem

As winter wears on, many cattle producers are faced with a continual lice infestation in their herd

Some producers have treated more than once and still are seeing the effects of lice in their livestock. “We are experiencing lice populations that are apparently much more difficult to control than previously,” says Gerald Stokka, North Dakota State University Extension veterinarian. “We cannot be sure as to the reason for reduced lice control, but

Only a kitchen thermometer can tell you for sure if a food item has been cooked safely without overcooking.

Where’s your food thermometer?

If you don’t have this essential piece of kitchen equipment, you need to get one

Hi, I’m Julie. What’s your name?” I asked the woman sitting at the table at a food safety conference. She responded with her name and place of work, and asked me where I work. “I work at North Dakota State University,” I replied. “I went to college there,” she said enthusiastically. “What was your major?”

This winter’s snowfall and bone-chilling temperatures have created difficult calving conditions.

Winter calving requires diligence

There are risks to both winter calving outdoors and indoor births

Winter calving can lead to health risks for the newborns, North Dakota State University Extension livestock specialists caution. This winter’s heavy snowfall and dangerous wind chills have created calving conditions that are difficult to manage and put the ears, feet and life of newborn calves at risk. However, calving indoors also has its drawbacks. “When


Producers hope calves are born healthy.

Calf losses before birth a concern

Abortions can be a major concern for cattle producers

An “abortion” is the discharge of the fetus prior to the end of the normal gestation period, according to Gerald Stokka, North Dakota State University Extension veterinarian and livestock stewardship specialist. Many abortions occur within the first 45 days of conception (called early embryonic death), and the embryos or fetuses are so small that they

Serious consequences can result from not providing pregnant cows with enough protein during the winter.

Protein key for pregnant cows

Keep your cows in their best shape with proper feed

Underfeeding protein to stock cows through their winter gestation has serious consequences, a North Dakota State University Extension livestock expert warns. “If insufficient protein and nitrogen are provided and degraded in the rumen, forage digestion will be reduced and the cow may not meet caloric needs and lose weight,” says John Dhuyvetter, Extension livestock systems

Soybeans need to be aerated to keep them cool once they are harvested and in storage.

Challenging harvest means storage issues for soybeans

Cooling bins and holding until spring, then completing drying, appears the best strategy

A challenging soybean harvest is raising many storage and drying questions, according to Ken Hellevang, agricultural engineer with North Dakota State University Extension. Soybeans at 11 per cent moisture have similar storage characteristics as wheat or corn at about 13.5 per cent moisture, so 16 per cent moisture soybeans might be expected to store the


Palmer amaranth.

Is palmer amaranth waiting in the wings?

Experts weigh in on palmer amaranth, its climbing stats to the south, and the chance we might see the weed cropping up in Manitoba

Provincial weed specialist Tammy Jones says it’s not time to push the panic button on palmer amaranth, despite new cases reported in North Dakota. Manitoba has cast a closer eye to the situation now that the noxious weed has been spotted in the neighbouring state. “We knew it was in South Dakota, so the expectation

Soybeans may be viable cattle feed option

However, there are limits to how much mature cattle can handle

Cattle producers looking for feed sources this year may have a silver lining in recent trade spats. They should consider feeding hard-to-market North Dakota soybeans to beef cattle, North Dakota State University Extension livestock experts say. Soybeans can be used as a protein supplement for beef cattle, as long as the beans are a small