Kiev | Reuters — A fear of landmines is hampering grain harvesting in parts of Ukraine’s east where separatists are fighting government forces, agricultural ministry officials said.
Ukraine, one of the world’s key exporters of wheat, barley and maize, is likely to harvest around 60 million tonnes of grain this year, analysts and traders say.
But agriculture minister Ihor Shvaika said the harvest, which began in late June, would be complicated in the eastern regions because of farmers’ fears of mines planted in fields.
Though Shvaika said there was a threat to only a relatively small part of harvest operations, he said farmers’ livelihoods in those regions had been hard hit by the military conflict.
“We have to get to work to de-mine fields for the harvest in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions,” he told journalists.
“In every district there are mined fields. Generally, it is the land running alongside main roads,” Vasyl Dzhulay, a local official in Donetsk region was quoted separately by the administration’s press service.
Ukraine’s main grain-growing areas are in the centre of the country, and the Donetsk and Luhansk regions accounted last year for only 4.8 per cent of volume produced and 8.3 per cent of the area harvested.
But this year Ukraine has also to discount any grain from Crimea, a Black Sea peninsula annexed by Russia in March, though the region accounted for only 1.2 per cent of grain harvested last year.
Ukrainian farms have harvested 2.7 million hectares as of July 8, gathering a total of 7.8 million tonnes, the ministry said on Thursday. This includes 4.2 million tonnes of wheat and 3.5 million tonnes of barley, Shvaika said, according to his ministry’s website.
Ukraine harvested a record 63 million tonnes of grain last year.
Prime Minister Arseny Yatseniuk, speaking to grain exporters and traders in Kiev on Thursday, said: “We are losing a sizeable volume from Crimea, Donetsk and Luhansk. But I hope that the gross harvest will be higher than the statistical average for the last five years.”
Describing the agrarian sector as one of the most promising branches of the economy, he encouraged it to look to co-operation particularly with the U.S. to bring in new technology and boost production.
Grain sales earned about US$6.4 billion last year – roughly 10 per cent of total export revenue.
— Reporting for Reuters by Natalia Zinets in Kiev, writing By Richard Balmforth.