Weekly Provincial Summary
- The majority of producers continued to make excellent seeding progress across all regions of Manitoba. The Central and Eastern Regions are the most advanced, followed by the Northwest, Interlake and Southwest Regions. Overall, seeding is over 50 per cent complete in Manitoba.
- Topsoil moisture conditions remain variable across Manitoba. Isolated areas in the Southwest and Northwest Regions are reporting wet field conditions while some areas in the Central and Eastern Regions would welcome additional precipitation.
- Rapid and uniform emergence has been reported to date, due to adequate soil moisture levels and warm temperatures.
- The recent warm temperatures have also benefitted growth on hay and pasture land.
The Southwest Region saw variable precipitation with some areas receiving little to no rainfall and other areas reporting 10 to 20 mm. However, the rainfall did not stop producers from seeding.
Overall seeding progress in the region varies, with cereal crops at 65 to 70 per cent complete and oilseed crops at 30 per cent complete. Seeding of cereal crops in the Killarney area is 90 per cent complete while oilseed crops is 40 to 50 per cent complete.
Winter crops are progressing well; majority of acres have been sprayed for broadleaf weed control.
Pastures are growing and some producers have started to move cattle to pasture.
In the southern areas of the Northwest Region, warmer temperatures with drying wind conditions allowed producers to return seeding by mid-week. However, the areas of Swan River and The Pas received upwards of 18 mm of rain through the week which did slow field activity. Generally, soil moisture is adequate across the region. There are some localized wet field conditions throughout the Northwest Region, and in particular at The Pas where seeding has not yet started.
Up to 85 per cent of total acres have been seeded in the Northwest Region with the least progress noted in the northern areas of the region. Improved soil conditions and warm temperatures have promoted rapid and even crop germination.
Weed development has also increased rapidly. Pre-seed herbicide applications are general, dependent upon field conditions or seeding date.
Forage and pasture growth is increasing as a result of adequate moisture and warmer temperatures.
In the Central Region, rainfall amounts varied from five to 15 mm; however, the Pilot Mound area did receive 35 mm of precipitation.
Good seeding progress continues to be made in the Central Region. Seeding of cereals, canola, and corn acres are nearing completion. Seeding of field peas is 95 per cent complete and sunflowers range from 70 to 90 per cent complete. With the warmer soil conditions, soybean seeding is now at 20 to 30 per cent complete. It is anticipated dry bean planting will start this week and continue through the long weekend. With the exception of dry bean acres, it is anticipated most producers will be done seeding by end of the long weekend.
There are some reports of canola being sheared off by the recent high winds. Individual field assessments of stands are being done to determine the impact. There are also reports of significant flea beetle pressure in some fields with some reseeding needed. There have also been reports of grasshopper spraying near the Starbuck area.
Forage stands are progressing well, except in areas around Lake Manitoba where hay and pasture lands were impacted by high water levels.
The Eastern Region saw variable rainfall accumulations, ranging from only trace amounts in the most southern areas to seven to 13 mm in the central and northern areas. Topsoil moisture conditions for the majority of annual cropland are rated as adequate.
Spring seeding progress in the Eastern Region is estimated at 90 per cent complete.
Crops continue to emerge; weed control operations have begun on the earliest seeded acres.
Fall seeded cereal crops continue to be in good condition with substantial tillering and growth. Fertilizer applications have been completed; weed control applications are on-going.
Hayland and pasture conditions range from fair to poor due to slow growth. As well, topsoil moisture conditions on the majority of hay and pasture lands remains drier when compared to annual crop land; precipitation would be welcome. Some producers have moved cattle to pasture. Since some dugouts are lower than normal, a few producersare currently investigating alternative water sources.
In the Interlake Region, scattered showers mid-week resulted in accumulations of five to 15 mm.
Seeding continues with cereals 90 per cent complete with 40 per cent of those acres emerged. Canola seeding is 85 per cent complete where 30 per cent of seeded acres are emerged. Soybean and corn planting are also well underway.
Recent warm conditions are allowing for good crop emergence.
Majority of winter wheat fields are at the tillering stage. Herbicide application in winter wheat fields has started.
Rain and warm temperatures have allowed for good forage crop growth. Both hay and forage seed crops are in good condition. Pasture conditions are also improving as the spring progresses. Lowlands where cattails were the dominant species are reverting back to grasses. Areas around Lake Manitoba that were impacted by high water levels are in poor condition with little grass growth and wet soil conditions.