Isolated thunderstorms last week resulted in small accumulations. Crops are rebounding from the moisture stress and have improved significantly. Early-seeded cereal crops are done flowering. Later-seeded cereal crop development ranges from tillering to starting to head. Most canola is flowering except for later-seeded crops, which range from cabbaging to bolting. Flax is starting to flower. Sunflowers and corn have jumped with the recent warm weather. Pulse crops continue to flower and are podding. Winter wheat and fall rye are into grain filling and have been progressing well; some areas are reporting heavy disease pressure in winter wheat. Generally the disease pressure is moderate to heavy. Pastures are starting to dry up and are looking good. Producers are starting to report issues with foot rot in cattle. Haying is underway and yields are above average but quality rated as below average.
Seasonal temperatures with high humidity along with scattered light rainshowers occurred throughout the region. Majority of cereals ranges in development from flag leaf to flowering. Much of the canola crop is flowering with podding occurring in the more advanced fields.
Crop yield potential and development are best through Grandview, west to Roblin, and parts of the Swan River Valley. Corn is advancing quickly with the warmer temperatures.
The hemp crop has had emergence issues and development is variable. Air-and ground-appl ied fungicide treatments are continuing, primarily for sclerotinia control in canola. Germinating sclerotia has been observed in fields across the region. No insect issues have been reported this week. Unseeded acres and seeded fields that have excess moisture are weedy. Some greenfeed acres have been seeded. Pastureland is drying up and improving. Silage and haylage operations are general across the region. Weather and field conditions were good to allow some baling of dry tame hay. Initial forage yields are average to above average with quality declining due to maturity and harvest delays.
Warm and dry weather conditions prevailed providing for favourable crop growth and development. The Morden and Morris areas continue to report excessive water conditions with water still visible in tracks and in shorter crops.
Crops are progres sed nicely. Spring cereals are into the milk to early-dough stage with the crops in the Red River Valley being more advanced than in the western part of the region. Some of the earlier-seeded canola fields are now podding stage. Most flax fields are blooming. Warm-season crops like corn, soybeans, field beans and sunflower are doing very well as they enter the flowering stage of development. Winter cereals are turning colour.
A second herbicide application is being applied in some soybean fields. Soybean fields are starting to improve in colour although chlorosis related to excessive moisture is still evident. Fungicide spraying continues in the later-seeded canola and cereals acres. Root rot diseases are showing up in crops affected by excess moisture, including soybeans, canola and cereals. Pastures are keeping up with grazing given favourable soil moisture conditions. Haying is progressing well. Yields are reported to be above normal with below-normal quality due to the delay in cutting. Overall crop and forage conditions have improved greatly.
Very little precipitation during the week allowed producers the much needed time to complete their fungicide spraying and first-cut haying. Crop staging throughout the northern areas of the region are variable while crop uniformity is better in the southern areas where less precipitation has fallen. The crops displaying better yield potential are improving weekly due to dry conditions and moderate to warm temperatures. Barley is the most advanced with fields headed out. Spring wheat and oat fields are about 70 to 100 per cent headed out. Earlyseeded canola is finished blooming while later-seeded canola is 70 to 100 per cent flowering stage. Soybeans are mostly in the R1 to R2 stage with significant plant growth this past week; nodulation on plant roots is good with excellent plant health. Flax has been flowering for over a week. Corn development is extremely variable. Winter wheat is in the soft-dough stage with very good yield potential. Fields that suffered excess moisture damage have thin stands, variable crop development, and lower yield expectations. Waterstressed fields are improving this week as saturated soils are drying up. Hayfield and pasture land conditions are rated as good. First-cut hay is wrapping up and second-cut alfalfa is about one week behind normal. Alfalfa yields are averaging 1.5 tonnes per acre and alfalfa/grass stands are producing two tonnes per acre.
Scattered showers resulted in small amounts of precipitation. Cereal crops are headed. Canola crops have advanced into the bloom stage. Most fungicide application is complete on crops that warrant investment. Many crops that are flood damaged will not receive a fungicide treatment. Warmseason crops like corn, soybean and sunf lower are advancing quickly as a result of sunshine and warmer temperatures. Soybeans are showing excellent recovery from excess moisture stress. Hay harvest progress has been slow but progress is noticeable across the region. However, most harvest is on high ground with wet spots being avoided. Harvest delays will cause reduced forage quality as the crop continues to mature. Pasture conditions are rated poor as cattle cannot access lowland pasture or high land is overgrazed. Some producers are moving cattle to higher land while others are considering fencing off hayland.