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Crop Report – for Jul. 8, 2010

SOUTHWEST REGION

Large storms on the weekend resulted in yard damage in some areas. There were reports of high winds with hail in areas including Hartney, south of Souris, and through to Nesbitt. Field conditions started to dry up with the warmer temperatures. Cereal crops showed the greatest improvement; several producers started applying fungicides.

Canola and flax crops are showing the most stress from excess moisture. Some spraying for disease has occurred. Pulse crops are flowering and they are starting to show some disease issues such as root rot. There remain several areas within the region where large acreages are not seeded. Winter wheat and fall rye continue to progress well and are fully headed. Haying has begun; yields are looking good. Some producers are having problems getting the crop to cure so quality has been an issue. Pastures are looking good and as the land dries, the grazing should last most of the summer. Some reports of grasshoppers starting to show up in some areas.

NORTHWEST REGION

Thunderstorms and heavy rains occurred through most of the area north of the Riding Mountains to Swan River Valley. High winds have caused lodging of some forage seed crops and headed out cereals around the Dauphin area. Through the Northwest Region, wheat is at 75 per cent shot blade and to early-heading stages and approximately 40 per cent of the canola crop is bolting and flowering. Field conditions and yield potentials to the area west of Grandview to Roblin is reasonably good. Continuing excess moisture in much of the R. M. s of Dauphin, Ethelbert, Mossy River and Lawrence is resulting in poor crop conditions. Additional field treatment for cutworms is reported around the Gilbert Plains area. Canola insect counts in monitoring traps remain low. Fungicide applications are continuing. Pasture growth is good; however, in the most severe moisture-affected areas, some damage is occurring. Wet field conditions have delayed haying activity. Lowlying native and tame forages are suffering from drowned-out areas. Several years of high levels of water are now influencing associated native hay stands resulting in non-forage species succession.

CENTRAL REGION

The Central Region saw drier conditions until the weekend when thunderstorms went through areas of Winkler-Morden, Portage-Gladstone and north of Morris, resulting in varying amounts of precipitation and some hail. Crop conditions range from very poor to very good. Canola has been flowering for the past couple of weeks. Canola and spring cereal fungicide spraying is finishing. Soybean crop is V3 to V5 stage and early fields are starting to flower. Sunflower crop is V3 to V4 stage. Corn and edible beans have a wide variation in growth. Producers continue to spray for weeds.

Herbicide spraying has been a challenge. Winter wheat harvest is expected late July or early August. Hay producers are facing difficulties trying to make dry hay. Some hayfields are still waiting to be cut because of wet conditions. The hay will be lower quality, so producers may have to supplement at winter feeding.

EASTERN REGION

Scattered rainfall across the region resulted in varying amounts of precipitation and some areas also reported small-size hail. Last week’s precipitation continues to prolong the amount of standing water remaining in fields. Fungicide spraying in canola for sclerotinia is nearly wrapped up as many fields are exceeding 50 per cent bloom.

Early-seeded spring cereals are 85 to 100 per cent headed while later-seeded crops are in the full flag-leaf stage. Canola staging ranges from bolting (10 per cent) to flowering (90 per cent). Uneven crop development in spring cereals and canola is still evident. Winter wheat crops continue to be in relatively good condition compared to spring cereals although the degree of crop yellowing in waterlogged areas of fields increased. Soybeans are in the fourth and sixth trifoliate-leaf stage. Corn is in the V11 to V12 stage. Sunflowers are in V6 to V10 stage. Haying progress was reported throughout the region as warm, drying weather allowed producers an opportunity to continue cutting and baling first cut. Dairy producers were concerned with alfalfa quality.

INTERLAKE REGION

The Interlake Region saw heavy thunderstorms late in the week. Municipal and provincial drains are full and overland flooding is occurring. High winds accompanied the storms causing damage to buildings, crops, and trees across the region.

Warm-season crops including soybeans, corn and sunflowers are growing rapidly as hot weather continued through the week. Soybeans crops have started to flower. Flax is flowering with chlorosis occurring in areas with wetter soils. Winter wheat is starting to change colour. Canola is 60 to 80 per cent bloom, and spring wheat is 50 to 60 per cent headed. Other cereals are mostly headed. Fungicides are being applied to cereals and canola on select fields. Little haying progress was made through the week. The Ashern, Moosehorn, and Fisher areas and Inwood, Komarno areas are weeks away from accessing wet hayfields. Pastures are flooded in the northwest and central areas; cattle are being moved to higher land if available.

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