Winter wheat harvest kicks into high gear

Weekly Provincial Summary

  •  Winter wheat harvest continues. Yields are ranging from 50 to 100 bushels per acre with good test weights, low levels of fusarium-damaged kernels and protein levels ranging from eight to 13 per cent.
  •  Swathing of the earliest-seeded spring wheat, barley and canola fields has started.
  •  Symptoms of heat and moisture stress, including flower loss, leaf rolling, incomplete seed development and premature ripening are evident in many crop types. Impact to yields remains undetermined.
  •  Continuing wet conditions in the northern areas of the Northwest Region are impacting crop yield potentials.
  •  In other areas of Manitoba, precipitation would be welcome.

Southwest Region

Most of the cereal crops are in good condition.

Majority of canola crops are going out of bloom with some later-seeded crops in full bloom. Bertha army worms are being reported in several areas with spraying being done this past week. Aster yellows symptoms are showing up with levels higher than normal

Sunflowers and corn benefited from the recent warm weather.

First-cut hay is 80 per cent done and yields to date are reported to be average to below average. Seed weevil and winterkill of alfalfa have impacted yields.

Pastures are doing well in most of the region.

Northwest Region

Above seasonal temperatures and high humidity prevailed through the southern sector with mid-week precipitation amounts ranging from 15 to 35 mm with local reports as high as 75 mm. The Swan River area received upwards of 75 mm of rain along with local amounts as high as 200 mm, including some hail.

Many fields are beginning to ripen. Much of the hemp crop is into flowering and seed development staging.

Fields continue to be scouted for aphids, lygus bugs and bertha army worms. As canola fields develop, aster yellows are becoming more evident. In the northern areas of the region, timing delays and non-treatments have occurred due to poor weather and wet field conditions.

High humidity and rain affected dry-down and harvest operations. Hay yields continue to be average or below average. Forage quality has declined. Low-lying native hay stands along Lake Manitoba and Lake Winnipegosis remain poor.

Central Region

Most of the region received little or no rain, other than some isolated showers and storms.

Winter wheat harvest continues. The majority are averaging in the 75 to 85 bu./acre range. Quality is good to excellent with little to no fusarium head blight reported. Protein levels are mostly in the eight to 10 per cent range. Spring wheat and barley fields are turning.

Some reports of flower loss in canola due to the hot, dry conditions may have an effect on yield. Swathing has started in some of the earliest-seeded fields. Monitoring continues for diamondback larvae in canola fields and some damage is visible. Aster yellows are evident in most fields. Hot weather has caused fields to mature more rapidly than normal. Pod colour change is deceiving in some fields; pods are yellow while seeds are still green.

Flax continues to flower and bolls have formed. Edible beans and soybeans are flowering and pods are forming. Where moisture conditions are better, edible bean rows have closed and producers have applied fungicide for white mould control. Overall both crops are looking good where moisture is adequate.

Some evidence of sunflower bud moth, banded sunflower moth and grasshoppers can be seen. Grasshoppers are showing up.

Haying progress has been excellent in most areas. Condition of hay crop has been generally good. Yields have been average to below average.

Warm weather and lack of rainfall has hampered pasture regrowth. Livestock water supplies are tight and dugouts are below average levels.

Eastern Region

Rainfall accumulations ranging from five to 18 mm occurred.

Most of winter wheat crops are mature. Reported yields range from 60 to 80 bu./acre. Bushel weights are in the 60-lb. range with very low levels of fusarium head blight. In general, the condition of annual crops is rated as good but the condition ratings of cereals, canola, flax, soybeans and grain corn are reduced to reflect the stress occurring because of high daytime temperatures and reduced rainfall. Spraying for lygus bug in canola continues where levels deemed it necessary.

For beef producers, first-cut hay is close to complete. Overall quality is rated as fair to good. It was expected that about 10 to 20 per cent of hay lands will not be cut due to dry conditions. Some producers are not expecting a second-cut opportunity on some hay lands. Some reports of feeding on pasture in southern districts are noted. Availability of livestock water is below average across the Eastern Region.

Interlake Region

Hot and humid conditions prevailed. A general rainfall was received this past Monday.

Many fields of cereals were still being sprayed for army worms. Damage is evident on many fields of cereals, established timothy seed and seedling grass crops.

The majority of canola will start to be swathed within two weeks. Producers continue to scout canola for bertha army worm, zebra caterpillars and diamondback larvae as they have been found in many canola fields.

Soybeans are progressing well. Corn is at the tassel stage and sunflower crops are headed out.

Hay yields on older stands are well below average. Greenfeed oats and barley harvest is underway. Average yields are being reported.

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