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First frost of the season but no damage to crops

Weekly Provincial Summary

  •  Hot, dry conditions across most of Manitoba allowed for excellent harvest progress.
  •  In some areas of Manitoba, frost was reported early Sunday, Sept. 9 but no reports of crop damage have been received.
  •  Harvest of spring cereals is 95 per cent complete. Canola harvest ranges from 70 to 100 per cent complete. Flax, edible beans, soybean and potato harvest continues.
  •  Grain, corn and sunflowers are maturing quickly. Silage corn harvest has started.
  •  Seeding of winter wheat continues across Manitoba.
  •  Precipitation would be welcomed to aid in winter wheat stand establishment, fall field work and replenishing soil moisture reserves and dugouts.

Southwest Region

Wheat harvest is 90 per cent complete and yields are average with good quality. Barley is also 90 per cent complete with below-average yields and below-average quality. Oats are 90 per cent complete with average yields and average quality.

Canola is 70 per cent complete with average to below-average yield with good quality. Flax is 15 per cent complete and yields to date are below average.

Sunflowers and corn are starting to dry down, aided by warm and dry conditions. Soybeans are starting to mature.

Producers have started to seed fall rye and winter wheat. Fall weed control has begun in most of the region.

Several pastures are about done and some producers are starting to supplemental feed. Dugouts are about 50 per cent full with older dugouts at 30 per cent full.

Northwest Region

Soil moisture conditions are dry causing poor conditions for fall tillage operations and causing delays in planting of fall-seeded crops. Post-harvest herbicide applications are being made.

The wheat harvest is 95 per cent complete with reported yields averaging 45 bu./acre. About 75 to 80 per cent of the canola crop has been harvested with yields varying between 15 and 50 bu./acre with an average of 23 bu./acre. Flax has yet to be harvested; yields are expected to be lower partly due to the presence of asters yellow. Silage corn has matured to the dent stage of growth. Some soybeans have just reached R7 stage with a good yield outlook.

Straw supplies appear to be adequate throughout the area. Second-cut hay operations are winding down with some localized shortages reported from areas that had suffered excess moisture over the growing season. Pasture growth has nearly halted because of the continuing dry fall conditions.

Central Region

The first reports of frost occurred over the weekend, with no indication of crop damage. Most of the region is waiting for rain to aid in fall field work and improve seedbed and germination conditions for fall cereals.

Quality is generally good, although canola dockage is higher than average due to small seeds. Many of the reseeded canola fields have yielded higher than the earlier-seeded fields. Flax has turned and harvesting has begun, with yields in the 10 to 20 bu./acre range.

Edible bean harvest continues. Yields are respectable, especially given the dry conditions. Quality is very good but dry seed is a concern.

Soybeans are maturing quickly and harvest continues. Early harvest reports are in the 20 to 35 bu./acre range, with some higher yields seen.

Corn is generally denting but some fields are physiologically mature. Harvest is imminent for some of the earliest-maturing varieties.

Early potato yields and quality are average to above average.

Winter wheat seeding continues with increased acres going in. Majority of seeding is complete in eastern parts of the region. Seed supplies for winter wheat and fall rye are tight due to increased demand.

Livestock water supplies continue to decline in most areas with some pumping occurring to fill dugouts. Some producers are cleaning out their dugouts with low water levels and some new dugouts are being constructed.

Pasture growth is slow. Those that are rotationally grazed or have lower stocking rates are in better condition, but most pastures continue to suffer due to warm, dry conditions. Second-cut hay is almost complete and yields are below normal. Hay supplies are tight and prices are higher as a result.

Eastern Region

In some areas of the region, a slight frost early Sunday morning was noted but no reports of crop damage have been received.

Canola harvest was completed last week. Yield reports range widely from 22 to 35 bu./acre. Sunflowers are transitioning to the R9 growth stage. The drydown and browning of bracts are noted as producers monitored their fields for desiccation timing. Soybean maturity progressed rapidly with about 60 per cent of the crop in the R8 to 95 per cent brown pod growth stage. About 25 per cent of soybean acres are harvested in southern districts last week with average yields of 25 bu./acre. Corn is transitioning to the R6 growth stage.

Many producers completed winter wheat seeding last week.

In regards to winter feed supply level, hay is rated as 25 to 65 per cent adequate, straw is 80 to 90 per cent adequate, greenfeed is 70 per cent adequate and feed grains are 25 to 80 per cent adequate.

The condition of the majority of pasture lands in the Eastern Region is rated as poor to very poor. Availability of livestock water is rated as 25 to 40 per cent inadequate.

Interlake Region

A light frost was experienced in many areas of the North Interlake on Sunday morning.

Canola yields are below average in the 25 bu./acre range. There are local highlights where yields of individual fields topped 40 bu./acre. Cereal crop yields are average on most farms.

Post-harvest herbicide application is delayed as weed seed and volunteer emergence is poor due to dry conditions. A general rain would improve winter wheat emergence and soil conditions for fall tillage.

Alfalfa seed desiccation has started on many fields and some harvesting has taken place on very dry areas.

Third-cut haying operations continue in eastern parts of the region. Hay shortages are expected in the southwest and many other localized areas around the region. Corn silage harvest is general in the South Interlake with average to above-average yields.

Pasture growth is slow due to dry conditions. Water supply issues are arising.

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