Weekly Provincial Summary
Seeding operations in Manitoba are essentially complete for the 2015 season, with the exception of some greenfeed crops.
Crops benefitted from the warmer temperatures over the past week and allowed producers to make good progress on weed control operations.
Weed control, and fungicide applications where warranted, will remain a priority for producers as crop development advances. Fungicide applications in winter wheat for leaf disease control and suppression of fusarium head blight has started.
Dairy producers have started first cut haying operations.
In the Southwest Region, very good growing conditions were experienced during the week with adequate soil moisture conditions and warm seasonal temperatures. Major rainfall events did occur on the weekend. Generally, 15 to 20 mm of rain was received in most areas of the region. However, Hamiota and Rossburn areas reported 40 to 65 mm, respectively, and in Virden area 90 to 100 mm of precipitation was reported. As well, large size hail fell in the areas north of Sinclair /Cromer.
Most spring cereals and field peas are looking promising. Reseeding of canola is complete in most of the Southwest Region. A majority of these fields have emerged evenly and development ranges from seedling to one to two leaf stage. Soybean crops responded well to the warmer temperatures with good emergence noted. The majority of fields are in the first to second trifoliate stages, with some fields receiving the first herbicide application. Corn and sunflowers are growing quickly with the warmer temperatures. Most of the sunflowers are at V4 growth stage and the corn crop ranges from V1 to V3 stages.
Winter cereals are in the reproductive stages of development with most fall rye fields in the heading stage. Most winter wheat fields are at full flag leaf stage, with the most advanced fields starting to head. Some fungicide application in winter wheat is reported.
Post-emergent herbicide applications are going well with the good weather conditions. Weed control is estimated at 40 to 60 per cent complete.
Flea beetle feeding in canola continues to be an issue in some fields that were not reseeded; foliar insecticide applications are being applied. However, as plants advance with the improved growing conditions, they are better able to withstand flea beetle feeding activity.
Warmer temperatures over the past week benefitted the forage crops and pastures. There is some recovery from the late May frost, but preliminary estimates are for a lower yielding first cut throughout the region. Most cattle are moved to summer pastures with minimal supplemental feeding required. Dugout levels are at 75 to 85 per cent capacity, with the exception of the extreme southwest areas that remain at or above capacity.
Scattered showers and thunderstorms once again moved through the Northwest Region in the latter part of the week and over the weekend. Minimal rainfall was reported in the Roblin and Swan Valley region with some hail reported in the Lenswood area. Approximately 25 mm of precipitation fell in The Pas region, 13 mm in Dauphin area and up to 76 mm in the Ochre River area. Most areas in Roblin and the Swan Valley would benefit from additional precipitation as conditions are dry for crops, hayland and pastures.
All seeding operations are nearly complete; greenfeed and reseeding is nearly complete throughout the region with the exception of a few fields. Majority of cereals are at the seedling and tillering stages, and canola is at emergence/seedling stages. Most of the reseeded crops have emerged but are not quite ready for herbicide application.
Herbicide application in earlier seeded crops should be wrapping up in the Swan Valley; applications will continue in the rest of the region as reseeded crops reach the appropriate growth stage. High winds and moist conditions did limit herbicide applications over the weekend. Flea beetle scouting is on-going. There are some reports of cutworm damage in the Swan Valley region.
Alfalfa hay fields not impacted by frost are rapidly growing. Producers are looking to start first cut haying operations later this month. Pastures are progressing nicely for those that have received timely rains. All cattle are reported to be on pastures with adequate water supply. Some areas in the Northwest Region are indicating slow growth of hay and pastures due to lack of moisture.
In the Central Region, the week began with warm, dry weather leading to very good growing conditions. There was light to moderate amounts of precipitation reported mid-week across the region with the Red River Valley receiving the highest amounts. Some hail was reported in the Crystal City area causing limited damage. The Red River Valley received more rain over the weekend with amounts ranging from 20 to 30 mm; the western side of the region received little to no rainfall. Hail was also reported east of the Red River that caused moderate to severe damage in a narrow band of crop land. In the areas of higher precipitation, water is standing in low areas of fields and some crop yellowing is evident.
Seeding in the Central Region is reported as 100 per cent complete, including reseeding. Spring cereals are growing well, with excellent tillering noted. Early seeded canola plant stands are less than optimum but improving. Canola development ranges from emerging to 4 to 6 leaf. Some fields are in the rosette stage and should reach bolting stage this week. Some canola is also starting to flower in the Portage area. Reseeded canola acres are emerging well.
Field peas are up to the six node stage. Soybean development ranges from first to second trifoliate stages. Many early seeded fields are reported as having heavy weed pressure. The warmer temperatures improved corn stands, with crop development ranging from V2 to V4. Sunflower growth ranges from emerging to 2 true leaves; reports of cutworms continue requiring regular monitoring.
Winter wheat and fall rye are reported to be in excellent and good condition, with only a fraction of acres rated as fair. Fall rye is heading out and winter wheat is in full flag to early heading stage.
Field spraying operations are being hampered by the intermittent rainy, windy conditions and wetter field conditions in the Red River Valley; in the western areas of the region field and weather conditions allowed for good progress of spraying operations.
Flea beetles continue to be the main insect concern but the earlier seeded canola crop is now growing past the point of concern. Diamondback moth monitoring trap numbers are reporting low to moderate numbers so far this season.
Rainfalls improved perennial forage conditions and are growing well with moisture and warmer temperatures. Grasses are headed out. The most advanced alfalfa is in the early flower stage. The first cut for high quality alfalfa has begun and will continue as conditions allow. Cattle are on pasture. Dugouts and water supplies are considered adequate.
Rainfall accumulations in the Eastern Region ranged from 2 to over 50 mm, with northern districts receiving greater amounts of rainfall during isolated thunderstorms over the weekend. For most of the week, good to excellent growing conditions occurred and crop development progressed rapidly. Soil moisture conditions on crop land, hay and pasture land are rated as adequate to surplus.
Field crop seeding is complete in the Eastern Region. Cereal crops range in development from four leaves with tillers to very early flag leaf emergence. Winter wheat is at early heading. Canola development ranges from seedling to rosette. Soybeans range from VC to V2, sunflowers V2 to V6, and corn V4 to V5 stages.
First pass post-emergent herbicide applications are 80 per cent complete. Flag leaf fungicide applications in winter wheat also occurred. In southern districts, some aerial applications were done to avoid tire track damage in wet fields. Producers are preparing for flag leaf fungicide applications in spring cereals, and fusarium head blight fungicide applications in winter wheat. Overall, field crops are rated in good condition. Some reports of below nominal threshold levels of cutworm damage in soybeans.
Across the region, the majority of hay and pasture lands are in fair to good condition. Some producers were waiting for fields to dry up to seed greenfeed. Pastures are slow in growing and low spots are still fairly wet. Ninety-five percent of the livestock are out on pasture. First cut in alfalfa fields is starting with most of it being put up as silage; yields are slightly below average. It is estimated 20 per cent of hay acres were cut with 10 per cent baled or put up as silage.
Scattered showers, along with warm temperatures, were reported throughout the Interlake Region. Moosehorn received the most precipitation with amounts ranging from 20 to 25 mm; most other parts of the region received anywhere from 5 to 15 mm. The rainfall was welcomed as late seeded crops, such as canola and soybeans, were seeded into drier seed beds.
Seeding throughout the Interlake Region is nearly complete, except for some late seeded forages and greenfeed acres. Most cereal crops range in development from 2 to 6 leaf stage with tillers, canola ranges from cotyledon to 4 leaf, corn 2 to 5 leaf stage, and soybeans unifoliate to second trifoliate.
Herbicide spraying is in full gear across the region and is estimated to be 45 to 50 per cent complete. Field conditions are good and most fields can be sprayed with ground equipment. In the south Interlake, some producers will start spraying fungicide on winter wheat for leaf disease protection.
Forage grasses started to head out while alfalfa plants are in the pre-bloom stage. Alfalfa seed producers are spraying alfalfa stands as weevil counts are at threshold and need to be controlled before further plant damage occurs. Leaf cutter bee incubation period has started and most producers are setting up bee huts and nests in fields.
There are a few reports of cutworm damage but very few acres need to be sprayed.
Virtually all cattle are on pasture and dugouts and water supplies are ample. Alfalfa hay crops are progressing well with the tallest fields measuring about 53 cm. Some dairy operations have started cutting first cut.