Manitoba Crop Report and Crop Weather report: Issue 2

Conditions as of May 10, 2015

seeding at sunset

Weekly Provincial Summary

Seeding progress in Manitoba is estimated at 55 per cent complete.

Seeding is 40 to 50 per cent complete in the Southwest Region, 35 to 40 per cent complete in the Northwest Region, 70 to 80 per cent complete in the Central Region, 70 per cent complete in the Eastern Region and 50 to 60 per cent complete in the Interlake Region.

Recent precipitation impacted seeding operations across the Province, but some producers were able to resume seeding over the past weekend.

Early seeded cereal crops, canola, corn and peas are emerging; however, growth continues to be slow due to cool temperatures.

Temperatures below 0 C were recorded across Manitoba.  Crop injury symptoms such as frost banding in cereals has been noted. Assessments of emerged crops will continue over the next few days to determine the extent of crop damage, if any, from the frost events.

Southwest Region

In the Southwest Region, seeding resumed early in the week but was halted due to 15 to 40 mm of rain. Precipitation was welcomed in most areas however. Carberry, Killarney, Russell and Minnedosa areas received 10 to 20 mm, while Hamiota, Reston, Virden areas saw 35 to 40 mm. Runoff was minimal as the majority of moisture was absorbed by the dry soil conditions.  Slow frost release, frost boils and high water table continue to cause seeding issues across the region in certain fields.

Frosts occurred over the weekend in many areas of the Southwest Region, with temperatures recorded as low as -4 C. Symptoms such as frost banding on emerged cereals were evident.

Seeding is estimated at 40 to 50 per cent complete in the region, with the majority of acres seeded to cereals and peas. Approximately 60 to 70 per cent of the cereal crops are seeded and 80 per cent of the peas. Producers started to seed canola, flax, barley and oats last week, with progress continuing over the past weekend. Approximately 15 to 20 per cent of the canola and flax acres are seeded and some producers started to plant soybeans as well.

Early seeded cereal crops and peas are emerging; however, growth continues to be slow due to cool nights and freezing temperatures. Early season weed control is under way with producers doing pre- and post-seeding burn off.

Good, uniform regrowth is indicating good survival of winter cereals in 2015. There are no reports of reseeding needed.

Forage and pasture growth continue to be slow. The moderate to significant moisture over the past week was beneficial to the forage crops. However, the cool temperatures are causing slow growth. Some seeding of alfalfa has begun. Producers continue to move cattle to spring pastures; however, supplemental feed is necessary. Dugouts remain more than 80 per cent full.

Northwest Region

The Northwest Region received variable amounts of rainfall near the end of the week with accumulations ranging from 5 to 30 mm. The higher amounts occurred in the most southern part of Swan Valley. Soil conditions are variable throughout the region with excessive moisture experienced in some localized pockets and dry conditions in others, depending on the amount of rainfall, soil type and slope of the land.

Reported soil temperatures are between 3 C and 8 C. Night time temperatures were cool during the week with some morning temperatures at or below 0 C.

With the exception of The Pas, where wet soil conditions prevail, good seeding progress has been made. Seeding is estimated at 35 to 40 per cent complete in the region. Approximately 65 per cent of the cereal acres are planted, along with 10 per cent of canola and 5 per cent of the flax acres. Although a limited number of soybean acres are planted, many producers are awaiting the arrival of warmer temperatures before proceeding.

Growth of volunteer canola and volunteer wheat is evident, especially in undisturbed fields. General weed growth is slow and includes predominantly stinkweed, dandelions, hemp nettle and wild oats.

Flea beetles are reported in the Swan River Valley where feeding activity is occurring on volunteer canola seedlings.

Limited growth of forages throughout the North Parkland and Valley’s North areas of the region is due to minimal rainfall and heat. Cattle on pastures require supplementation of feed. Dugouts and water supplies are adequate.

Central Region

In the Central Region, rain started on Wednesday with amounts ranging from 5 to 40 mm; higher amounts were recorded in the western and northern areas of the region.  Rain was welcome by most producers; areas with lower rainfall accumulations would benefit from additional precipitation. However, an area north of Plumas was wetter last fall; rains in that area will delay seeding for several days. A dusting of snowfall last Friday temporarily halted field operations for some producers.

Temperatures dipped below 0°C throughout the region. No significant damage to canola is reported. Slight signs of injury are evident in winter wheat and spring wheat, but will not affect the crop at this growth stage. The cold temperatures are slowing plant growth; herbicide applications are also delayed as a result.

Excellent seeding progress was made across much of the Central Region with seeding reported as 70 to 80 per cent complete. Central Plains (Portage-Gladstone areas) is reporting 40 to 50 per cent complete. The majority of the region reports nearly all planned cereal acres are seeded, with progress slower in the northwest part of the region.  Corn, sunflowers and canola continue to be seeded. Excellent field conditions allowed for rapid progress. Some producers are holding off on seeding canola due to risk of frost, or to spread out swath timing and harvest. Although some soybeans are in, many have waited due to cool soil conditions. Corn planting progress ranges from 20 to over 80 per cent complete. Canola ranges from 25 to 100 per cent complete. Pea acres are seeded. Edible bean seeding is yet to start.

In general, southern areas of the region are most advanced. Cereals are emerging with the most advanced spring wheat fields in the late two to early three leaf stage.

Weed growth is minimal, so very little pre-seed burn-off has been done. Producers hope to complete some pre-emergent treatments, but cool and wet weather conditions are interfering with those plans. Wild oats are emerging and may cause problems in some crops.

Winter wheat and fall rye have come through the winter well. Most fields are reported to be in excellent and in good condition, with only a fraction of acres rated as fair. Minimal acres are reported as re-seeded; a result of poor germination due to dry conditions last fall. Fertilizer application is complete. Herbicide applications will begin shortly where volunteer canola has emerged.

Pastures and hay fields are resuming growth. Rainfall has improved conditions, but forage growth is slow especially with the cooler temperatures. The most advanced alfalfa is 12 to 15 mm tall. Pastures overgrazed last year are very slow to recover. Pasture growth in most areas is still inadequate for grazing. Although hay supplies are sufficient for most producers to carry through until pastures can support grazing, some producers in the south are running low. Where hay is in short supply, producers are hoping to get the animals on pasture as soon as possible. Overall, dugout levels are adequate at this point. However, Pembina area reports producers may need to continue to supply water to pastures.

Eastern Region

Rainfall accumulation across the Eastern Region ranged from 5 to 35 mm; higher rainfall amounts were noted in the southern areas of the region.  Soil moisture conditions on crop land, hay and pasture land are rated as adequate. Soil temperatures dropped as cold, rainy weather settled in. Soil temps have decreased to about 5 C average and have not recovered yet.

Repeated night time temperatures below 0 C through the later half of last week were recorded. Only cereal crops have emerged and appear unaffected to date.

Seeding progress was steady until the cool, wet weather moved in mid-week. Seeding is estimated at 70 per cent complete in the region. Approximately 95 per cent of spring wheat and barley, 85 per cent of oats, 70 per cent of canola, 90 per cent of flax, 20 per cent of soybeans, 60 per cent of sunflowers and 95 per cent of corn are seeded. Producers are expecting to make rapid seeding progress in soybeans this week if favoUrable weather occurs.

Across the region, between 5 to 10 per cent of winter wheat acres were impacted by winterkill. However, the majority of winter wheat acres are rated as being in good to excellent condition. Some fields are noted as patchy and evaluation of those winter wheat stands continues. Spring fertilizer application is complete. Winter wheat is in the tillering growth stage. With the cool, wet weather winter wheat has not progressed much in the last seven days

Across the region, the majority of hay and pasture lands are in fair condition. Pastures are slow to resume growth with most grasses in the two leaf stage. Alfalfa hay fields are starting to resume growth, benefiting from the recent rain. Producers are starting to move cows to pastures with supplemental feeding occurring. Some producers were putting cows on smaller pastures and feeding to move them from corrals. Availability of livestock water is adequate.

Interlake Region

In the Interlake Region, cool temperatures prevailed and precipitation amounts ranged from 10 to 25 mm. Around Arborg, Riverton and Fisher Branch, isolated pockets of rainfall amounting to 38 mm were reported. Soil temperatures dropped due to the cool weather conditions. Soil temperatures were averaging 12 to 14 C prior to the cool, wet weather but now are averaging 4 to 6 C throughout the region.

For several nights temperatures dipped below the 0 C mark. Night time temperatures were recorded as low as -5 C.

Seeding progress has halted throughout the region with some producers hopefully being able to start later this week. Seeding progress is estimated to be 50 to 60 per cent complete with the majority of acres seeded in the South Interlake areas. Wheat is estimated to be 60 to 70 per cent complete, oats and barley 40 to 50 per cent, canola 50 per cent, soybeans less than 5 per cent and grain corn less than 1 per cent.

Spring wheat fields started to emerge, as well as some early seeded canola fields. It is still too early to assess what frost damage, if any, occurred on any emerging seedlings.

Forage grass seed fields are starting to break dormancy and plant growth is resuming.

Colder nights with frost is slowing pasture and hay field growth. Scattered showers throughout the region have brought most of the pastures’ soil moisture levels near 100 per cent field capacity. A small amount of cattle (less than 20 per cent) have been moved out of calving areas and onto summer pasture. Alfalfa is 50 to 150 mm tall. Availability of water for livestock is rated as adequate.

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