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Kane:

Harvest and Glenn placed second and third

For the third year in a row Kane is the wheat with the most acreage in Manitoba, followed by Harvest and Glenn, according to the Canadian Wheat Board s 2011 crop variety survey.

Kane, a Canada Western Red Spring (CWRS) wheat, accounted for 23.5 per cent of Manitoba s wheat acres, down from 25.4 per cent in 2010.

CWB agronomist Mike Grenier said around six million acres went unseeded this year, primarily in southeastern Saskatchewan and western Manitoba, and that might have had an impact on the survey results submitted by 5,026 farmers.

The survey found Harvest, also in the CWRS class, accounted for 22.1 per cent of Manitoba s wheat acres, up from 15.1 last year, while Glenn represented 15.9 per cent of the acres, unchanged from 2010.

Last year Glenn was No. 2 followed by Harvest.

Harvest, the most popular wheat across Western Canada, accounted for 17.6 per cent of the acres, compared to 16.6 per cent in 2010, and is gaining popularity in Manitoba, especially in the west and northwest, Grenier said.

While Harvest has good yield potential rated at 108 per cent of the check inSeed Manitoba 2011,it has the lowest rating (susceptible) for tolerance to fusarium head blight.

The area where it seems to be gaining traction is the area where fusarium pressure is farther south and east but just the same it s not a good thing to have a variety like that where the fusarium can be a problem year in, year out, Grenier said.

I m concerned with the number of acres it already has. I hope guys will be trying out varieties with a better fusarium package.

Kane and Glenn, with yields of 108 and 106 per cent of the check, are both rated as having intermediate fusarium tolerance. (The highest possible rating, which no CWRS variety has, is resistant, followed by moderately resistant, intermediate, moderately susceptible, and susceptible.

AC Barrie, which long reigned as Manitoba s most popular wheat, dropped to seven per cent of Manitoba s wheat acres in 2011, down just a bit from 10.2 per cent in 2010.

AC Barrie, which was registered in 1994, dominated the Manitoba market for 10 years. In 1999, farmers planted almost 1.6 million acres of it, representing a whopping 61 per cent of the wheat acres. That was the biggest year in percentage terms, but AC Barrie acres peaked at 1.8 million in 2001.

AC Barrie was popular because it delivered high yields and high protein content and is rated intermediate for its tolerance to fusarium head blight the same as Kane and Glenn.

AC Barrie accounted for 20 per cent of Manitoba s wheat acres in 2009 the first year Kane overtook it.

With more varieties in the class you re seeing a lot more regional adaptability.

MIKE

GRENIER

AC Domain, another older and once leading wheat, accounted for 9.5 per cent of Manitoba s wheat acres this year, up slightly from 8.7 in 2010.

The West s second most popular wheat in 2011 Lillian, which accounted for 17.4 per cent of the wheat acres (19.5 per cent in 2010) represented just 0.2 per cent of Manitoba s wheat plantings.

Lillian was the most popular wheat in Saskatchewan, accounting for 27.7 per cent of acres.

Lillian, which has a solid stem and is tolerant to sawfly damage, was popular in Alberta too where it made up 13.4 per cent of the acres.

Harvest, which was No. 2 in Manitoba, was No. 1 in Alberta representing 27.4 per cent of the wheat acres there.

Unity VB, which is resistant to wheat midge, was the third most popular wheat across the West accounting for 6.6 per cent of the acres, up from 1.6 per cent last year.

Together Harvest and Lillian represented about 35 per cent of 2011 wheat acres seeded in Western Canada.

With more varieties in the class you re seeing a lot more regional adaptability, Grenier said. So guys are looking at the disease packages, straw strength, sprouting and then looking at the yield potential and then picking the one that s going to give them the best coverage that they need. On the eastern side (of the Prairies) it s still fusarium that leads things. In Saskatchewan with Lillian it was the sawfly issue and now with Goodeve, it s the midge issue.

There are more varieties than ever to select from and still newer ones coming, Grenier said. That means it s less likely that one variety will dominate as often occurred in the past, he said.

We re seeing more varieties in the mix and a higher turnover in the varieties, Grenier said.

For the full survey go to: http://

www.cwb.ca/public/en/farmers/surveys/variety/11-12/.

[email protected]

About the author

Reporter

Allan Dawson

Allan Dawson is a reporter with the Manitoba Co-operator based near Miami, Man. Covering agriculture since 1980, Dawson has spent most of his career with the Co-operator except for several years with Farmers’ Independent Weekly and before that a Morden-Winkler area radio station.

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