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Premature ripening in crops, spring cereals see better than expected yields

Manitoba Crop Report and Crop Weather report for September 4

Southwest Region

Another dry and windy week let producers continue with harvest.  Sunday evening brought thunderstorms throughout the region, with high winds, heavy rains and some areas reporting hail.  Crop damage from the Sunday storm was variable with some hail damage In Birtle/ Beulah and Strathclair areas. Severity depended on duration of event.  Heavy winds and large amounts of rainfall affected ripe crops that were standing or swathed.

Winter wheat and fall rye harvest is complete.  Yields of winter wheat reported as 60 to 80 bu/acre with good quality and protein.  Fall rye yields reported as 50 to 60 bu/acre.

Peas harvest is complete, reported above average yields, 50 to 60 bu/acre, with good quality.

Spring wheat harvest 75 to 80 per cent complete with good quality and average yields of 60 to 70 bu/ac with protein around the 13 per cent.  Barley harvest 85 per cent complete with yields 80 to 90 bu/ac with good quality and weight.  Oat harvest 95 per cent complete with yields of 100 to 120 bu/ac with good quality and test weight.

Canola harvest 55 per cent complete with several fields swathed and ready for harvest and the remaining fields standing for straight cutting.  Average yields of 40 bu/acre with good quality.

Flax bolls are turning brown and harvest is just about to start.

Soybeans are turning and are mainly in the R7 maturity stage.

Sunflowers in the R6 stage with some early seeded crops starting to show yellow on the back of the heads (R7).

Corn crops are prematurely ripening due to the dry conditions. Silage has started on some of the early fields.

Pastures showing the stress from overgrazing and lack of rainfall.  Many producers are starting to move cattle to other grazing areas and in some case starting to feed on pasture.  Overall, feed situation short in most areas.

Dugouts are 45 to 50 per cent full, which is lower than previous years at this time.  Some producers have been looking into ways of filling dugouts for winter watering.

Northwest Region

There was good harvest progress this week as crop staging and weather allows.  Some localized showers occurred. There have been some days with high winds, which has blown around canola swaths.  Field work has been completed following harvest operations.

Cereal harvest reported as 65 to 75 per cent complete around Swan River and Roblin with average to good yields.  Wheat has averaged 65 to 85 bu/ac, Barley at 90 bu/ac and higher.  Fusarium head blight damage is low due to weather and management actions.

Desiccation and swathing of canola continues as the crop reaches the appropriate stage.  The canola harvest is just beginning in most of the region with the exception of the Dauphin area where the canola harvest is further along.

Combining of field peas is nearly complete with average yields of 50 to 70 bu/ac.  Lentils also mostly harvested with yields averaging 45 to 50bu/ac.

Soybeans at the R6 to R7 stages and are advancing nicely; flax is approximately 80 per cent ripe.

Forage conditions continue to deteriorate with the dry conditions for most of the region, with the exception of the Pas where pasture conditions affected by excess moisture. Supplemental feeding continues on pastures where required.  Dugout levels vary with the eastern part of the region at 20 to 40 per cent of full with some dried up and the western side experiencing levels at 70 to 80 per cent full.  Producers facing forage shortfalls are doing what they can to bale up alternative feeds such as bulrushes and canola straw.  Corn silage harvest is still a few weeks out.

Central Region

Harvest conditions with favourable conditions, yields vary widely based on summer heat and precipitation timing and amounts. Widespread rain events on Sunday evening. Post-harvest tillage has occurred, following the rain received last weekend.

Winter and spring cereals harvest 95 per cent completed. Winter wheat yielded 30 to 80 bu/ac; Fall rye 40 to 90 bu/ac; Spring wheat 40 to 90 bu/ac with good grade, 12 per cent to 15 per cent protein levels and low fusarium damage; Barley 80 to 100 bu/ac; Oat 70 to 150 bu/ac. Yields varied with the rainfall received. Harrowing of cereal straw occurring, but tillage was being held back until sufficient precipitation occurred. More baling of cereal straw occurred to help make up for the hay shortfall.

Field peas harvest complete, yields 30 to 80 bu/ac and good quality reported.

Canola harvest at 90 per cent complete. Fields left are swathed or left to standing for direct harvesting. Yields reported 35 to 55+ bu/ac, with very dry seed moistures.

Flax is in the brown boll stage and ripe. Some flax being harvested but no yields reported to date. Sunflowers are progressing through the flowering stage to maturity (R7 to R8).

Soybeans beginning maturity (R7) stages to mature with about 10 to 15 per cent harvested. Early yield reports, mostly in the Red River valley, range from 25 to 35 bu/ac. With fast ripening and drying, more soybean harvest expected this week.

Corn has suffered from the lack of rain in grain filling stage, with many fields in dough stage and looking ripe. Some corn being assessed for yield and may be sold as silage instead of grain given the poor yield expectation. Some corn silage has started in region.

Sunflowers continue to mature and in the R7 to R9 stage. Early seeded fields being scouted for desiccation to bring harvest on quicker and reduce insect, bird feeding or weathering.

Edible bean fields maturing rapidly, 40 per cent harvested. Yield reports indicate 1400 to 2000 lb/ac Pinto beans; 1500 to 1800 lb/acre Cranberry types with good seed. Seed has had low moisture content, but reported to have low seed coat cracks.

Potato harvest is approaching. Many of the potato crops are irrigated and the impact of the dry weather will not affect yield as much as in other crops. Some potato fields have been desiccated to terminate top growth ahead of harvest.

Pasture conditions poor and continue to deteriorate from the lack of precipitation. Some producers have been supplementing hay in pastures. Hay yields are well below normal due to the dryer conditions. Many roadside ditches and dried up sloughs have being cut and harvested. Ammoniating of straw is being considered to supplement feed supplies. Livestock producers are sourcing alternative feed sources to meet their needs.

Dugout levels are at 20 to 30 per cent, with declining water quality.

Eastern Region

Rainfall throughout region, but variable on Sunday night. Soil moisture on crop land were rated as 50 per cent adequate and 50 per cent short in northern and central districts.  In southern districts, rated as 50 per cent short and 50 per cent very short.  Field work and fertilizer application occurring after crops are harvested.

Harvest progress estimated at 55 per cent complete.  Cereal harvest 95 per cent complete with yields and quality above average. Spring Wheat yield 50 to 80 bu/ac, protein at 13 per cent to 16 per cent; Oat yield 80 to 130 bu/ac.

Canola harvest estimated at 80 per cent complete with yields of 35 to 60bu/ac with good quality.

Soybeans are R7 or R8 and drying down. Harvesting of early maturing varieties may begin by the end of this week.

Sunflowers are R8 or R9 with low disease. If weather cooperates, desiccation will begin this week.

Corn at dent stage and plants are drying down fast.  Early varieties are nearing physiological maturity/black layer.  If the dry weather continues, corn harvest could be earliest ever. Some grain corn being cut for silage.

Hay and pasture land moisture rated as 30 per cent short and 70 per cent very short. Hay fields that have received hog manure are still growing and are green.

Pasture conditions rated as 20 per cent fair, 40 per cent poor and 40 per cent very poor.  Pastures dry and producers looking for more grass to move livestock. Supplemental feeding on pasture has started. Winter feed supplies of hay, straw and greenfeed rated as inadequate. Feed grain supplies rates as 80 per cent adequate and 20 per cent inadequate.

Dugouts have about 20 per cent of the water capacity with some dugouts dry. The availability of livestock water is rated at 60 per cent adequate and 40 per cent inadequate.

Interlake Region

Most of region received rainfall this past week. Crops shorter than normal, a result of extended dry periods; lighter textured soils are most impacted, with lower yields. Higher yields indicate fields received timely rain.  Rain has improved silage corn and alfalfa stands and cooler weather has benefitted pastures and hayfields.

Spring cereal harvest 95 per cent+ complete.  Barley yields reported as 35 to 80 bu/ac; Oats 40 to 140+ bu/ac; Spring wheat 30 to 80 bu/ac. Proteins for CWRS at 12 per cent to over 17 per cent with good grade, red colour and minimal fusarium damaged kernels.  Cereal straw is being baled post-harvest.

Field pea harvest complete with yield from 25 to 60+ bu/ac. Early flax yields at 30 bu/acre, fababeans at 25 bu/acre.

Canola harvest has progressed rapidly with 90 per cent complete in south part of the region, and as much as 60 per cent in the north. Reports of swaths blowing in high winds over the weekend – pod shatter varieties fared better. Yields at 20-50+ bu/ac, good quality but low moisture.

Soybeans maturing rapidly and pod fill a concern in fields not getting rains Rapid leaf colour change and leaf drop is occurring in early maturing varieties and on lighter textured fields; most fields are R6 to R8.  Harvest has begun in some early fields with yields of 25 to 30 bu/ac.

Corn is drying down.   Sunflowers are R7 to R9, desiccation will soon start.  Seed alfalfa fields are being desiccated; some harvest has occurred, early yield report of 600-700 lb/ac in areas receiving adequate rainfall.

Soil testing is underway.  Some fieldwork complete, but most have harrowed only and are waiting for rain.

Some fall rye has been seeded.

Cattle being turned out onto hayfields to extend the grazing season‎. Some producers have started supplemental feeding on pastures.

Coarse hay is being put up in low-lying areas; with no rainfall on swaths, quality has been reasonable.  Cattle producers are taking advantage of casual hay permits on crown land and in wildlife management areas.  Cereal straw is being baled postharvest for livestock.

Water is being pumped and hauled for livestock consumption; dugout water quality is poor, and levels sit at 10 to 40 per cent full; some are dry.

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