Weekly Provincial Summary
- The only remaining acres left to be seeded include greenfeed and millet crops and some isolated acres of canola, edible beans and soybeans.
- Reseeding of some fields is still occurring as stands were impacted by either high winds, insect activity, disease, seed placement or dry soil conditions at time of seeding.
- Most seeded acres have emerged and the condition of most crop types is rated as good.
- Frost was recorded in many areas of Manitoba on May 30. To date, minimal damage to crops has been reported with no reseeding being noted. Injury symptoms were evident in crops such as corn, soybeans, edible beans, canola and oats. Injury was variable, both across the regions and individual fields. Majority of impacted acres have already resumed growth.
The Southwest Region received little rainfall over the past week but there were reports of isolated thunderstorms with some hail. Frost was recorded on May 30 in some areas with no reports of significant damage.
Seeding in the Southwest Region is essentially complete with only a few fields of greenfeed and millet remaining to be seeded.
Fall rye is heading. Majority of winter wheat in is in the flag leaf stage and in some cases starting to head. Over the next week application of fungicides for disease control will occur.
Pastures and haylands are doing well and warm weather will benefit growth. Most producers have moved cows to pasture.
Heavier showers in the northern areas added to existing wet field conditions.
Rate of plant growth is increasing due to warmer temperatures. Increased soybean acres have been planted around the Dauphin and Ste. Rose areas; staging ranges from just seeded to emerged.
Approximately 20 to 25 per cent of in-crop herbicide treatments on spring wheat were completed as field conditions improved. A few periods of high temperatures increased flea beetle activity with some insecticide treatments applied on canola.
Forage and pasture growth improved with the heat and moisture￼conditions resulting with livestock being moved to pasture.
Most of the Central Region saw scattered showers with minimal accumulations. Storms on June 3 resulted in 40 mm in the northeast part of the region. There was some hail associated with that storm but there are no reports of major damage.
Frost was reported in all areas of the region on May 30 with minimal injury in most cases. Some reseeding continued over the weekend due to earlier damage to canola by insects and wind, and patchy germination due to dry conditions and deep seeding.
Wheat streak mosaic and barley yellow dwarf continue to be observed. Fungicide applications have begun.
Canola continues to be re-seeded in a number of areas due to damage from wind and flea beetles. In some cases, early seeded canola is also being affected by seedling blights. Flea beetles continue to be an issue in some of the later seeded or reseeded fields.
Seeding of the last few acres of edible beans and soybeans is wrapping up. Emergence has not been uniform in some fields due to the earlier dry conditions, and in some cases deep seeding.
Leafhoppers are being found in many winter wheat and canola fields. Control measures are being undertaken in vegetable crops in the Portage area.
The majority of hayfields and pastures are growing well. Grasses are starting to head out. Stands are rated as poor in areas around Lake Manitoba that were impacted by excess moisture last year. Most cattle have been moved to pasture and water supply for livestock is adequate in most cases.
Rainfall accumulations across the Eastern Region last week varied from 4 to 10 mm. Topsoil moisture condition is rated as adequate. Frost occurred throughout the region May 30.
Fall seeded cereal stands continue to demonstrate good condition. The very last of the soybeans acres are expected to be finished this week.
Flea beetles in canola continue to be a concern on early seeded canola. Cutworms in sunflower, corn and canola crops also were detected and some spraying occurred.
As spraying of spring cereals ends, growers will move into other crop types including canola. Some weed control in corn, sunflowers, soybean and flax has occurred. Spraying by plane is occurring where field access by ground rig is difficult.
The condition of the majority of hayland in northern areas is rated as fair to good while in southern areas most hayland is rated as fair to poor. Pasture conditions across the region are generally rated as fair to good.
Scattered showers fell through the week with moderate accumulations in most areas. An intense system passed over the northeast portion of the RM of Bifrost north and west of Riverton on June 3. Hail and heavy rain fell damaging crops and leaving water standing on fields.
Frost was experienced on May 30. Little crop damage has been reported.
Seeding of soybeans and canola resumed mid week, with most crop seeding complete.
Herbicide application on winter wheat and annual crops is general. Flea beetle feeding activity on canola is noticeable.
Forage and forage seed crops have progressed rapidly with warmer daytime temperatures. Dairy producers will begin first cut operations in the coming days. Pastures have also improved with warmer weather and most cattle are on grass pastures.