Rain welcomed; winter wheat harvest has begun

Southwest region

Isolated showers of 20-35 mm were welcome in most areas.

Winter wheat and fall rye are maturing. Most cereal crops are heading with early-seeded crops filling. Disease pressure remains a concern. Root rot is prevalent in some fields. The later-seeded crops are progressing well and producers are applying fungicides.

Canola is progressing well and most fields are flowering. The recent heat did affect how long some fields flowered. Monitoring for bertha armyworm continues. Aster yellows is reported in canola and flax. Flax is flowering.

Corn and sunflowers advanced quickly over the past week due to the hot temperatures.

First cut of hay is 70 per cent complete. Producers are reporting average yields with good quality but some seed weevil damage has been noted.

Pasture conditions are good with dugouts approximately 80 per cent full.

Northwest region

On Thursday, the Swan River area had upwards of 125 mm rain with significant run-off and stream flows. On Sunday, all areas had general rains of up to 40 mm with occasional strong winds and isolated thunderstorms.

Winter wheat and fall rye are rapidly approaching maturity. Approximately 25 per cent of spring wheat is into dough stage and 30 to 35 per cent of canola is podded. Crops are more advanced in the southern areas. Crops in the northern area are in very wet soil, with some yellowing. Heat stress on canola has resulted in some flower abortion. Localized true armyworm insecticide applications were needed on cereals, corn and forages. Fields are being scouted for aphids, bertha and true armyworms.

Fungicide treatments are well advanced.

Haying is underway with approximately 30 per cent of first cut remaining and 30 per cent baled.Yields are average or below average while is quality is generally fair

Central region

Most of the region saw some rain this past week, ranging from 15-75 mm. Isolated hail was reported at Purves. Wind and isolated heavy showers have caused some lodging in cereals. In some areas more rain would be welcome.

Winter wheat harvest started over the weekend. Early yields are reported at 75 to 80 bu/acre.

Overall spring cereals look good but could use rain. Some fields are ripening prematurely.

Overall the canola crop looks good. Monitoring continues for diamondback larvae — most fields are below threshold. Some reports of lygus bugs but not at threshold levels. Aster yellows are evident in most fields. Canola on lighter soil is showing the effects of hot dry conditions.

Edible beans and soybeans are flowering and pods are forming. Some fields are being impacted by dry conditions. Septoria brown spot is showing up on lower leaves in some fields.

Flax bolls have started to form. Sunflowers are in bud stage; there are low levels of sunflower beetles and there is some evidence of sunflower bud moth.

Corn is tasselling. Some fields would benefit from rain. Potato and vegetable producers are irrigating.

Grasshoppers are showing up in fields. Aphids in cereals seem to be declining. Lygus numbers are generally low.

Haying progress has been excellent in most areas; crop is average to below average. Moisture is needed for most fields for a second cut; Greenfeed is being cut due to lower yield potential.

Livestock water supplies are tight and dugouts are below average levels.

Eastern region

Rainfall across the region varied from seven to 25 mm. Some winter wheat harvesting has occurred in the Steinbach area with yields ranging from 60 to 75 bu/acre with very low levels of fusarium.

Over half of the red spring wheat and most barley are in the dough stage. Most oats are in the mid to late milk growth stage but moving rapidly into early dough; heat blasting in panicles is noted. Most of the canola is done flowering; higher levels of flower drop are noted. Flax i in the boll filling stage. Sunflowers are in the R3 and R4 stages of bud and soybeans, while still flowering, has entered the R3 podding stage. Corn is transitioning into the tasseling to silking stages. In general, the condition of annual crops is rated as good but some fields are showing effects of high daytime temperatures and moisture stress.

In northern areas, spraying for armyworms in spring cereals and forage seed crops continues. Some limited spraying for grasshoppers did occur. Increased defoliation on soybean by green cloverworm is noted. Lygus bug counts in some canola fields are above thresholds with some spraying for control.

First-cut haying has been proceeding with between 60 per cent and 90 per cent of the crop cut or baled. Overall quality is rated as fair to good. It is expected that about 10 to 20 per cent of haylands will not be cut due to drier conditions. Moisture is needed for most fields for a second cut.

Dugout levels are below average in some areas of the region.

Interlake Region

Thundershowers provided much-needed precipitation, ranging from 20 to 75 mm. Harvest of winter wheat is expected to begin in the next week depending on weather.

Other cereals have completed flowering and are in the milk to dough stage. Canola flowering is still general in northern while crops in the south have finished. Soybeans are progressing nicely. Producers continue to scout for green cloverworm. Corn is growing rapidly with good moisture and heat conditions.

Armyworm damage to cereal and timothy seed crops has been noted.

Insect pressure has been high on alfalfa seed crops with alfalfa plant bug and lygus bug being the most prevalent. P

Haying is progressing well with most hay being harvested as dry hay instead of haylage. Yields are below expectations depending on the age of the stand.

Pasture regrowth will also benefit from recent rains although water supplies are still problematic in some areas.

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