Dry heat helps fields recover from excess moisture

Weekly Provincial Summary

  •  The continuing warm and dry weather conditions are advancing crops, allowing producers to make good progress with haying operations, and permitting herbicide and fungicide applications to continue.
  •  Strong weather systems passed through parts of the Southwest, Northwest and Central Regions causing damage to trees and farm infrastructure. Only impact to crops noted to date is temporary lodging of the more advanced crops and some hail damage.

Southwest Region

All cereal crops are advancing well with the earliest crops heading and the later crops in the flag-leaf stage. Producers have been applying fungicides. Early-seeded canola crops are bolting and in some areas are being sprayed for disease. Damage from flea beetles, cutworms, and excess moisture is evident in some fields. Corn and sunflowers are progressing well.

Producers started haying over the past week with several starting early due to alfalfa weevil. Yields are average to below average. Quality is rated as good.

Pastures in most areas are rated as good.

Northwest Region

While fields have dried, the later-seeded canola is showing symptoms of excess moisture including drowned-out areas and poor crop development. Cereal crop yellowing has improved significantly.

Herbicide applications are complete. Fungicide application is general on cereals and canola. In The Pas, spray conditions are difficult with wet fields and advanced weed staging.

Hay and pasture growth has improved. Haying operations are more general with the favourable conditions. The yields of first cuts are average.

Central Region

Winter wheat is in the milk to soft-dough stage. Towards the end of this week, application of pre-harvest glyphosate may occur on the most advanced fields. Staging of the spring wheat ranging from heading to early-milk stage. Barley and oats crops range from stem elongation to early-milk stage.

The warm-season crops are generally looking good as a result of the warm weather.

Producers are focusing on spraying canola for sclerotinia. Some reports of flower loss due to hot, dry conditions may impact yield.

Hay crop yields are average to slightly below average. Moisture is needed for regrowth for a second cut. Livestock water supplies are tight and dugout levels are below average.

Eastern Region

About 70 per cent of the winter wheat crop is in the dough stage. The majority of spring wheat is in the heading/flowering growth stage. Across the region most of the canola is flowering and fungicide applications for sclerotinia are occurring. The most advanced canola is transitioning to pod filling. Flax is flowering, as are field peas. Sunflowers and soybeans are in the vegetative stages. Corn is in the V6 to V13 growth stages. In general, the condition of annual crops is rated as good.

First-cut haying has been proceeding across the region with at least 60 per cent of the crop cut or baled.

Overall quality is rated as good. Hay yields are lower than expected in areas that experienced drier conditions.

Pasture conditions are generally rated as fair to good.

Interlake Region

Crops are advancing rapidly with warm, moist weather. Corn is generally “knee-high” while soybeans are at the second- to fourth-trifoliate stage with some flowering. Canola and flax are flowering. Fungicide application on cereal and canola crops was general.

Leafcutter bee release on alfalfa seed crops is complete. Insecticide application on timothy seed to control army worms has been reported in the Riverton area.

High humidity on the weekend did cause delays in hay drying. Some producers are reporting hay yields below expectations. Dry conditions and the need for forage restoration are the main causes.

Alfalfa weevils are quite active and causing some damage to hay crops.

Pasture production is excellent. Dugout levels are below average for this time of year.

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