Weekly Provincial Summary
- Manitoba producers continue to make excellent seeding progress. In the Northwest, Central, Eastern and Interlake Regions, it is estimated over 95 per cent of the acres have been seeded. Although not as advanced, the Southwest Region did see good seeding progress over the past week and is over 70 per cent complete.
- Many areas of the province received welcomed precipitation.
- Emergence of the early-seeded acres has generally been good to excellent.
- High winds over the past week did cause some crop damage, primarily to canola acres. There were also isolated acres of cereals, corn and soybeans impacted. Reseeding is occurring where warranted.
- As crops continue to emerge, weed control operations will become the next priority for producers.
Little to no rainfall over the past week allowed producers to get a large portion of the seeding done in the Southwest Region. Seeding of cereal crops is 90 to 100 per cent complete. Canola and flax seeding is 80 per cent complete.
Emergence of most cereal crops has been good. Some of the later-seeded oilseed crops were seeded into drier soil so emergence will be assessed as those acres start to emerge.
Winter seeded crops are either in, or approaching, the boot stage of development. Warm, dry weather has reduced disease pressure.
However, many producers plan to spray a fungicide at flag-leaf stage.
Pasture and hayland have grown considerably and many producers continue to move cattle to pasture.
A general rain would be welcomed. Up to 95 per cent of total acres have been seeded in the Northwest Region. Wheat seeding is complete. Canola seeding is 95 per cent complete. Other cereal and silage corn crop planting is also advanced.
Some pre-seed and pre-germination herbicide applications continued as required by specific field conditions or weed staging. Herbicide applications are underway on winter wheat.
Flea beetle activity is generally low.
Forage and pasture growth continues to develop under adequate moisture and temperatures. Native hay recovery is poor on 2011 flooded land adjacent to lakes Dauphin, Winnipegosis and Manitoba.
Scattered showers and thundershowers provided much-needed rain.
Isolated cases of wheat streak mosaic and barley yellow dwarf have been confirmed.
Seeding is essentially complete for most growers in the eastern parts of the region and quickly nearing completion in the western areas above the escarpment. Sixty to 75 per cent of edible beans acres are seeded. The remainder of the soybeans and sunflowers will be seeded this week.
Stands are generally good, although some stand thinning has been observed due to root rots, deep seeding or seed sitting in dry soil. Canola stands range from thin to excellent.
High winds last week resulted in crop damage by either sandblasting by soil particles or shearing off by blowing crop residue. Canola acres were primarily impacted along with isolated acres of corn and cereals. Some impacted canola acres are being reseeded. Although some corn and cereals crops were sheared off, new growth is already noticeable.
Canola is also being reseeded in a number of areas in the region due to flea beetles or seedling blights.
There are limited reports of cutworms; one cornfield in the Elm Creek area did require control measures.
Forage stands are progressing well except in areas near Lake Manitoba where hay and pasture were impacted by excess moisture. Cattle are being moved to pasture. Water supply for livestock is adequate.
Significant rainfall occurred over the weekend in the Eastern Region with accumulations varying from 23 to 50 mm.
Fall-seeded cereal stands continue to demonstrate good condition.
Spring-seeding progress is estimated at 95 per cent complete. The very last of the soybeans acres are expected to be finished this week.
Cereal crops are emerging and are mostly in the seedling stage. Flax and field peas are in the seedling stage. Most of the sunflower acres have emerged and are in the cotyledon stage. Fifty per cent of the corn acres are in the V1 to V5 stage while the other half is just emerging.
Some frost did occur with some damage to canola noted. Also, strong winds last week caused damage to canola and some soybean acres. Some limited reseeding was expected.
Flea beetles in canola also became a concern last week. Some spraying for leafhoppers in forage seed crops have begun.
The condition of hayland is rated as poor to fair with some areas rated as good. Pasture conditions are generally rated as fair although some poorer areas persist.
Mostly sunny conditions through the week allowed for excellent seeding progress in the Interlake Region. Scattered showers fell over the weekend. Frost occurred in the Arborg, Riverton, Fisher Branch and Gimli areas but no crop damage was reported.
Most areas are reporting seeding is nearing completion.
Crop emergence of canola and cereal acres is excellent.
Soil abrasion from high winds early in the week caused damage to seedling canola.
Forage growth has been slow with the exception of young stands of alfalfa. Pasture growth has been slow with many producers turning cattle to grass. Water levels in dugouts are lower than normal in some areas, so alternative water sources are currently being investigated.