Dow AgroSciences used the Canola Council of Canada convention in San Diego to launch a new high-protein feed option for hogs made from canola meal.
ProPound is designed to be a cost-effective replacement to soybean meal in hog and poultry feed.
“ProPound represents a step change in the quality of canola meal,” said Dave Hickling, former Canola Council of Canada vice-president and third-party consultant to Dow AgroSciences. “It will take canola meal from being a moderately used ingredient in swine and poultry feeds, up to an ingredient that is very widely used at high inclusion levels. That’s what’s needed to develop canola meal into a truly competitive substitute to soybean meal.”
Dow AgroSciences specifically announced the new product at the CCC conference to allow feedback from the canola sector.
“The leadership in the canola value chain attends the conference and we thought it was a great opportunity to build understanding and awareness of the trait and its benefits as well as allow for dialogue,” said David Dzisiak, commercial leader for grains and oils at Dow AgroSciences.
Maximizing protein content
Developed through years of research and conventional plant breeding, ProPound has been designed to maximize protein content and digestibility.
“ProPound, with the higher-protein and lower-fibre content, gives swine and poultry producers a new, cost-effective alternative to soybean meal, without sacrificing animal performance,” said Dzisiak in a release. “It really offers immediate cost savings by reducing swine and poultry feed rations for producers.”The University of Illinois (U of I) College of Agriculture, Consumer and Environmental Sciences conducted a study using ProPound, looking at the possible inclusion of the high-protein canola meal in hog diets.
“Canola meal is an excellent plant-based source of protein that is often included in swine diets,” Hans H. Stein, a professor of animal sciences said in a release. “In recent years, canola varieties have been developed which contain greater concentrations of protein than conventional varieties. Our study has provided new information on the nutritional value of high-protein canola meal.”
High-protein canola seeds have been designed with thinner hulls compared to conventional seeds, which produce a meal with lower portions of fibre and greater portions of protein and oil.
The university conducted two experiments to determine the digestible energy and metabolizable energy, as well as the apparent ileal digestibility and standardized ileal digestibility of crude protein and amino acids in high-protein canola meal, conventional canola meal and soybean meal fed to pigs.
“The digestibility of energy in high-protein canola meal is greater than in conventional canola meal when fed to broilers and turkeys,” said Stein in the release. “But we do not yet have data for pigs for this particular source of high-protein canola meal.
“We used a source of high-protein canola meal that was produced from a variety of high-protein canola that had been selected for low glucosinolate content, so we also tested if the reduced glucosinolates improved digestibility of protein and amino acids.”
The study found that the standardized ileal digestibility of crude protein and amino acids in high-protein canola meal and conventional canola meal were less than in soybean meal, but the digestibility of crude protein was greater in high-protein canola meal than in conventional canola meal.
Dow says ProPound offers protein content of about 44 per cent, comparable to soybean meal and a significant improvement over conventional canola meal’s protein content of about 37 per cent.
Results from the university research however, showed the standardized ileal digestible crude protein in high-protein canola meal to be 37.5 per cent, conventional canola meal at 31.7 per cent and soybean meal at 45.8 per cent.
“High-protein canola meal supplies the same amount of digestible energy and more digestible amino acids for growing pigs compared with conventional canola meal,” said Stein.
Stein found no difference in the levels of digestible and metabolizable energy between the high-protein canola and conventional canola but notes that both sources of canola meal contained less digestible and metabolizable energy than soybean meal.
Coming to market
ProPound is expected to be available to swine and turkey on a limited basis this fall.
“Our focus is on helping customers succeed and advancing agriculture. ProPound is an excellent example of a value-added trait that can help animal producers gain a more cost-effective protein source,” said Tim Hassinger, president and CEO, Dow AgroSciences.
The Canola Council of Canada has welcomed this announcement, as it may provide new marketing options for canola growers and aid in the group’s strategic plan of increasing production by 50 per cent by 2025.
“The development work that Dow has been doing on ProPound is very consistent with the objectives and strategic plans of the Canadian Canola Council,” said Hickling.
ProPound will be incorporated into all Nexera canola hybrids in the coming years and a new Roundup Ready and Clearfield Nexera hybrid are expected in 2017.