Weekly Provincial Summary
- Seeding progress in Manitoba is estimated to be 92 per cent complete.
- Majority of Manitoba received precipitation and accumulations varied from three mm up to 60 mm.
- Stand establishment has generally been good to excellent for most crop types. However, reseeding of fields has occurred due to factors such as wind damage, insect activity, disease, seed placement and dry soil conditions at time of seeding.
- Weed control operations were hampered by weather conditions over the past week.
- Pasture and hay land has benefited from the recent precipitation and a return to warmer temperatures would help maintain growth.
The Southwest Region received 10 to 50 mm of precipitation as heavy rainfall events, along with high winds, occurred over the weekend. Frost was recorded in the Carberry area, but no crop damage was reported.
Winter wheat and fall rye continue to develop. The most advanced fields are heading; however, majority of acres are in the flag-leaf stage.
Seeding in the Southwest Region is approximately 85 to 90 per cent complete.
Pastures will benefit from the recent rainfall. Warm weather is needed to maintain pasture growth as many producers have put cattle out to pastures earlier than in previous years.
Below-seasonal temperatures, northerly winds and precipitation amounts from 30 to 75 mm of rain/light snowfall predominated through the Northwest Region. Soil moisture levels vary from adequate to wet with ponding in some fields.
Seeding progress remains at approximately 95 per cent complete as little progress was made over the past week. The unsettled weather conditions and the very light frost mid-week has slowed rate of plant growth and development. However, no frost damage has been reported.
Weed development has also slowed. There also is an increase in the number of reports, scattered across the region, of flea beetle control on early-seeded canola.
Forage and pasture growth continues slowly. Moisture levels are rated as good to wet in some areas and warmer temperatures are needed for continued growth. More livestock are being moved to pasture.
Much of the Central Region received 12 to 20 mm of rain; however, higher amounts were recorded with 25 to 50 mm in Starbuck, 45 mm in Pembina, 35 mm in Oakville and up to 60 mm north of Carman and near Elm Creek. Hail was also reported in Holland, Portage la Prairie and Morden areas; crop damage is currently being assessed. Temperatures did drop close to freezing in areas such as Treherne and Gladstone but there are no reports of damage.
Most fall rye has headed. Heading has begun in winter wheat; staging ranges from early flag leaf to early head emergence. Isolated cases of wheat streak mosaic and barley yellow dwarf have been confirmed. Most fields have lush, thick stands and monitoring continues for leaf diseases. Some tan spot and powdery mildew is evident below the canopy.
Seeding is essentially complete in the Central Region although some edible bean and soybean acres are still being seeded. Reseeding continues as a result of patchy germination or poor stands due to a variety of reasons including dry conditions, deep seeding, seedling diseases, wind damage and insect damage.
Some reports of cutworms requiring control measures in corn and sunflower fields. Leafhoppers are being found in many winter wheat fields.
Hay and pastures are generally growing well but warmer temperatures are required to maintain good growth. Stands are rated as poor in areas around Lake Manitoba that were impacted by excess moisture.
Significant rainfall occurred in the Eastern Region with accumulations varying from only three mm to as much as 45 mm. The bulk of the rainfall occurred over the weekend with northern areas of the region receiving the highest accumulations in localized thunderstorms. As a result, topsoil moisture conditions on the majority of annual cropland are rated as adequate or surplus. However, drier conditions are still noted in southern parts of the region.
Fall-seeded cereal stands continue to demonstrate good condition and have moved into the boot stage of development. Weed control applications are done.
Spring seeding progress is estimated at 98 per cent complete.
Sunflowers are in the cotyledon stage. About 60 per cent of soybeans have emerged and most of the corn ranges from V1 to V5 stage. In general, the condition of annual crops is rated as good.
Weed control applications were hampered by windy and wet conditions.
Majority of hay land is rated as fair to good in the northern areas and fair to poor in the southern areas. Pasture conditions are generally rated as fair although some poorer areas persist.
Scattered showers mixed with thunderstorms fell throughout the week across the Interlake Region. Precipitation amounts ranged from 25 to 50 mm, with isolated areas receiving up to 75 mm. In the Arnes area on Wednesday, an intense system bringing hail and heavy rain with high winds caused crop damage; extent of damage is currently being determined. Frost was experienced in the Arborg and Moosehorn areas on Saturday morning with impact to crops still being assessed.
Seeding and spraying progress was hampered by cool, wet weather during the week although some seeding took place in localized areas on Saturday.
Forage crops are advancing well. Pasture growth is slow and would benefit from warmer weather. Cattle continue to be moved to pasture as on-farm feed stocks are low.