* Corn market bracing for smaller 2014 U.S. ethanol mandate
* Soybeans end higher after choppy trade
* Good South American soy crop prospects overhang market
* Wheat firm on short-covering after seven-session slide
(Updates with closing prices, adds ADM ethanol comment, wheat
By Julie Ingwersen
CHICAGO, Nov 13 (Reuters) - U.S. corn futures declined on
Wednesday as traders booked profits after a two-week high in the
previous session and braced for a possible reduction in the U.S.
government's 2014 quota of corn-based ethanol fuel used in
Soybean futures firmed in choppy technical trade while wheat
ended a tick higher on short-covering after closing lower in
each of the previous seven sessions.
At the Chicago Board of Trade, December corn settled
down 2-1/2 cents at $4.29-3/4 per bushel. January soybeans
ended 1/2 cent higher at $13.15 a bushel and December wheat
settled up 1/4 cent at $6.45-1/2 a bushel.
Corn sagged on technical moves and worries that the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency would soon revise its Renewable
Fuel Standard, or RFS, by lowering the amount of corn-based
ethanol required in 2014 for blending into gasoline.
Documents leaked earlier this year indicated the government
might lower its corn-based ethanol requirement to 13 billion
gallons, versus the 14.4 billion called for in the 2007 RFS law.
"It's an uncertainty, and the bottom line is they are going
to reduce," said Mark Schultz, analyst with Northstar Commodity
in Minneapolis. "But if it stays at 13 billion (gallons), it's
not super-negative," he added.
Even with a lower mandate, U.S. ethanol production could
reach 14 billion gallons in 2014 because of positive margins for
processors and demand from buyers, Archer Daniels Midland Co's
chief executive said.
The corn market was seeking new direction after recent price
rallies after a major U.S. Department of Agriculture report on
Friday. The USDA forecast a record U.S. corn crop, but its
projection of 2013/14 ending stocks fell below market
"Corn and wheat are drifting somewhat today, lacking
direction as people still mull the impact of the USDA report on
Friday," said Saxo Bank analyst Ole Hansen.
"The corn rally this week was nowhere near price rises seen
after surprises in some previous USDA reports. Some corn
investors are happy to play for the short side, expecting
falling prices as the large U.S. crop comes in," Hansen said.
The U.S. corn harvest was 84 percent complete by Sunday,
ahead of the five-year average of 79 percent, the USDA said in a
weekly report. However, high levels of kernel moisture were a
concern in Iowa, Nebraska, Wisconsin and other states, slowing
The U.S. soybean harvest was 91 percent finished, roughly in
line with the five-year average of 92 percent.
SOYBEANS TURN HIGHER
Soybeans ended higher after spending much of the session in
negative territory. But the benchmark January contract
stayed inside of the previous day's trading range and below
Tuesday's six-week top of $13.19-3/4.
Favorable crop prospects early in the South American growing
season hung over the market. U.S. and Brazilian government
forecasts have called a record-large Brazilian soybean harvest.
"If you've got any hint that there would be a bean crop
getting smaller in South America, then I could see the market
making a pretty good push to the upside. But right now we've got
pretty strong resistance at $13.20," said Schultz, referring to
the CBOT January soybean contract.
December soymeal settled down $4.40, or 1 percent, at
$423.30 per short ton, dropping from a near two-month high set
Tuesday, but strong domestic and export demand for U.S. meal
CBOT wheat edged higher to halt its seven-session losing
streak, but ample global wheat supplies hung over the market.
Kansas City December hard wheat futures, also traded
at the CBOT, posted an 11th straight lower close. But the slide
appeared to attract export demand, as Brazilian importers bought
at least 60,000 tonnes of U.S. hard red winter wheat for
After the CBOT close, the main government wheat buyer for
Egypt, the biggest global wheat importer, said it was seeking
soft and/or milling wheat for early December and would announce
results of an international tender on Thursday.
Prices at 2:56 p.m. CST (2056 GMT)
LAST NET PCT
CBOT corn 429.75 -2.00 -0.5%
CBOT soy 1315.00 0.50 0.0%
CBOT meal 423.30 -4.40 -1.0%
CBOT soyoil 40.96 0.21 0.5%
CBOT wheat 645.50 0.25 0.0%
CBOT rice 1560.00 7.00 0.5%
EU wheat 203.25 -0.75 -0.4%
US crude 93.80 0.76 0.8%
Dow Jones 15,815 65 0.4%
Gold 1273.30 5.69 0.4%
Euro/dollar 1.3460 0.0025 0.2%
Dollar Index 80.9240 -0.2680 -0.3%
Baltic Freight 1531 -12 -0.8%
(Additional reporting by Michael Hogan in Hamburg and Naveen
Thukral in Singapore; Editing by William Hardy, Krista Hughes
and Steve Orlofsky)