Winter wheat acres reseeded due to winterkill

Weekly Provincial Summary

  •  Producers made good seeding progress over the past week in many areas of Manitoba. Seeding is estimated to be 75-80 per cent complete in the Southwest Region, 80 per cent complete in the Northwest Region, 70-85 per cent complete in the Central Region, 85 per cent complete in the Eastern Region and 75-80 per cent complete in the Interlake Region.
  •  In areas that received higher amounts of precipitation, many producers are modifying their initial seeding plans to account for seeding date, particularly with long, season crops such as grain corn and soybeans.
  •  The earliest-seeded crops are emerging; growth is slow due to cooler conditions.
  •  Reseeding of winter wheat is occurring throughout the province due to poor plant stands.
  •  Pasture and hay growth continues to improve but growth is slow. Many producers moved cattle to pasture.

Southwest Region

Much of the Southwest Region continues to experience excellent seeding progress, with the exception being areas in and along the Manitoba-U.S. border where an additional five to 10 mm of rain fell late last week. The remainder of the region received accumulations generally less than five mm.

The overall per cent seeded for the Southwest Region is estimated to be approximately 80 per cent complete.

Initial estimates are that 75 to 80 per cent of last fall’s winter wheat crop will be reseeded.

Pasture and hay growth improved over last week, depending upon localized rainfall. However, growth continues to be delayed due to the cooler temperatures. Water levels in sloughs and dugouts are at 75 to 80 per cent capacity in northern regions and 80 to 90 per cent in southern regions.

Northwest Region

Temperatures were below seasonal later in the week with some light frost reported on May 23. Generally soil moisture remains adequate; however, there are some localized areas where rain would be welcomed.

Seeding progress through Roblin to Swan River areas is most advanced at 80 to 85 per cent complete. In areas east of the escarpment, producers are at 75 to 80 per cent complete.

Field-by-field assessment of winter wheat indicates wide variation of stands; some producers are considering termination and reseed options.

Perennial weeds are growing rapidly and annual weeds are germinating.

Forage and pastures are in fair to poor condition. Warmer temperatures are needed for adequate growth. Dugout water levels remain adequate.

Central Region

Rainfall amounts were minimal last week with one to three mm in southern areas and three to six mm in northern parts of the region. Areas that received 200 to 275 mm are still waiting for soils to dry.

The majority of the region reports 70 to 85 per cent complete.

Some cropping plans may now change, dependent on when producers can get back into the fields. Producers in areas with AgriInsurance seeding deadlines of May 30 (full coverage) for corn and soybeans are focusing their efforts on those crops.

Winterkill in winter wheat and fall rye is more of an issue in western parts of the region where up to 40 per cent of the acres will be reseeded.

Perennial weeds are growing rapidly and annual weeds are germinating.

Forage fields continue to improve. Pastures are improving on a daily basis and rated as fair to good.

Dugouts are full or close to full in much of the region, with the recent rains.

Eastern Region

Most of the northern areas of the region received only a few mm or less over the whole week, while the southern areas received between five and 35 mm of precipitation.

Temperatures dipped down close to freezing on Thursday and Friday but no evidence or reports of crop damage or actual frost occurrence.

Seeding in the Eastern Region is estimated at 85 per cent complete.

Hay conditions in the region are rated as 75 per cent good to 25 per cent fair. The condition of pasture lands in the region is rated as 75 per cent good to 25 per cent fair. Most livestock in the northern part of the region are on pasture and continue to be supplemented with hay. In southern regions, 75 per cent of cattle are on pasture. Availability of livestock water, including dugouts, is rated as 100 per cent adequate.

Interlake Region

Frost throughout the region was reported on Thursday and Friday night. Plant damage was noticeable on alfalfa and canola in the Arborg/Teulon area.

Seeding is 75 to 80 per cent complete in the Interlake Region. Winter wheat plant stands were rated as fair to poor with some acres being reseeded to canola.

Hay and pasture acres are improving; rain and warm temperatures would accelerate plant growth in the North Interlake. Most cattle are on pasture but still needing some sort of supplement feed. Dugout conditions are good.

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