Wind, rain and hail a setback but harvest in full swing

MAFRI crop report for Sept. 3, 2013

Weekly Provincial Summary

Strong weather systems passed through several areas of Manitoba over the Labour Day long weekend. High winds, heavy rains and hail associated with the systems resulted in some crop damage, including lodging of crops, shattering of standing and swathed canola and cereal crops.

Winter wheat harvest is nearing completion with generally above-average yields and quality.

Harvest of spring wheat, barley, oats and canola continues. Reported spring wheat yields range from 35 to 80 bushels per acre, barley 60 to 110 bushels per acre, oats 85 to 160 bushels per acre, and canola 30 to 60 bushels per acre.

Seeding of winter wheat has started in Manitoba.

Southwest Region

Early yield reports are indicating above-average barley and spring wheat yields with good quality and above-average bushel weights. Regrowth of tillers in lodged cereal crops continues to be problematic for many producers and is slowing harvest progress.

Winter wheat seeding began late last week. Although only limited canola harvest has occurred to date, early yield reports are indicating average to above-average yields. Sclerotinia continues to be found at low levels with much of the premature ripening a result of blackleg. Flax fields also continue to ripen rapidly with preharvest desiccation reported on early-seeded fields.

The majority of soybeans are entering the R6 stage of development. Most corn crops are in the late-blister and early-milk stage of development (R3) with some of the earlier-seeded fields just beginning to enter the dough stage (R4). Sunflowers are continuing to come out of flower with the majority of the crop in the wilting stage (R6) of development.

Insect activity last week was limited to grasshoppers with the highest numbers reported in eastern and central areas.

The second-cut alfalfa harvest is 75 to 80 per cent complete with the remainder of the crop to be harvested after the first fall frost. Greenfeed and silage continue to be harvested and are 75 to 80 per cent complete. Slough and marsh hay continue to be harvested to supplement winter feed supplies across the region. Pasture conditions are generally stable.

Northwest Region

Regionally, 90 per cent of spring cereals acres are mature while 75 per cent of canola acres are also mature. Preharvest herbicide treatments are continuing. Combining of wheat, oats and canola is completed on approximately five per cent of total acres. Expected yield ranges from 35 to 65 bu./acre for spring wheat, upwards of 100 bu./acre for oats and 35 to 50 bu./acre for canola.

With canola reaching maturity, sclerotinia is more evident; frequency levels however, appear to be average. Some concern of ergot in cereals is reported in the Roblin area.

Second-cut hay harvest is mostly completed; yields are average with quality above average. The native hay harvest continues as more fields are accessible. Yields are average to below average and quality has improved slightly under favourable weather conditions. Supplies of hay and greenfeed are expected to be 25 per cent short at The Pas and other early-season moisture, impacted sectors. Pastures are drying.

Central Region

Cereal harvest is well underway in the Central Region. Harvest progress on cereals range from 30 to 50 per cent complete. Yields for spring wheat vary from 50 bu./acre to upwards of 80 bu./acre. Protein levels range from 12 to 14 per cent. Oats continue to be harvested with yields ranging from 90 to 160 bu./acre. Barley yields in the region range from 90 to 110 bu./acre. Baling of straw is being done, with little to no crop residue burning reported.

Canola yields range from 40 to 60 bu./acre throughout the region. Hail resulted in shattering in canola swaths and strong winds spread some swaths across fields which will make harvest challenging.

Soybeans are beginning to mature with some fields in the R7 stage. Generally, the crop is rated as good with reports of white mould showing up in various fields around the province. Most fields in the region are between R6 and R7. Grain corn growth stage ranges from R4 dough stage to early R5 dent stage. A few more weeks of frost-free weather is needed for soybeans and corn to reach maturity.

Edible bean harvest will begin shortly with some of the earliest types to be harvested later this week. A few fields have already been undercut; late-season white mould is present in some of these fields.

Haying continues with a number of producers trying to finish up with second cut. Yields are expected to be average for most areas. Winter feed supplies may be inadequate for some producers. Dugouts are full.

Eastern Region

Harvesting continues in the region. Winter wheat harvest is complete with many producers close to finishing the spring cereals and canola. Initial average yields for the region are as follows: winter wheat 70 to 80 bu./acre, spring wheat 45 to 60 bu./acre, barley 85 bu./acre, oats 100 to 125 bu./acre and canola 40 bu./acre.

Corn is in the milk (R3) to early-dent (R5) growth stages. Soybeans are in full R6 stage with some showing the start of leaf drop or leaf yellowing (early R7 stage). Sunflowers in the region are in R7 stage.

Grasshoppers continue to be an issue in the southern areas of the region.

Winter feed supply status has hay at five to 10 per cent surplus, 80 to 90 per cent adequate, and five to 10 per cent inadequate; straw at 100 per cent adequate or surplus; greenfeed at 100 per cent adequate and feed grains at five to 10 per cent surplus, 80 to 90 per cent adequate and five to 10 per cent inadequate. Pasture conditions in the region are rated as 60 per cent good, 30 per cent fair and 10 per cent poor.

Interlake Region

Harvest is in full swing across the region with canola and spring cereals acres being combined. Most crops are yielding better than expected, with the exception of areas that were impacted by excess spring moisture. Early-maturing soybean varieties are starting to show signs of maturing with colour change and leaf drop. Corn crops are in the dent (R5) stage.

Some second-cut hay is occurring throughout the region. North of Ashern, producers are still working on completing native hay harvest. South of Ashern, producers completed native hay harvest and are working on second-cut hay in some areas. Pasture and dugout conditions are good.

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