More rain needed for late-season crops and pastures

Weekly Provincial Summary

  • Winter wheat harvest is nearing completion in Manitoba with yields generally ranging from 50 to 80 bushels per acre with average to above-average quality.
  • Harvest yields of spring wheat, barley, oats, canola and pea crops are variable, largely dependent upon amount and timing of precipitation.
  • To date, spring wheat yields range from 30 to 50 bushels per acre, barley 55 to 100 bushels per acre, oats 50 to 100 bushels per acre, canola 20 to 40 bushels per acre and peas 40 to 45 bushels per acre.
  • Quality of spring wheat and barley has been average to above average with good protein, bushel weights and low levels of fusarium. Oat quality has been average to below average with lower bushel weights and higher number of thins being reported. In canola, higher dockage is noted due to smaller seed size.
  • Precipitation would be welcome to aid in grain filling of grain corn, sunflowers, edible beans and soybeans.

Southwest Region

Most of the Southwest Region received rainfall over the past week with amounts varying from five to 30 mm.

Harvest of winter wheat and fall rye is 75 per cent complete. Winter wheat yields range from 50 to 70 bu./acre with average quality. Fall rye yields are in the 50 to 65 bu./acre range with good quality. Spring cereal harvest has started with no preliminary yields available to date. Producers are cutting barley and several fields of wheat are desiccated. Canola is being cut and several fields have sclerotinia and blackleg which is resulting in lodging.

Most second cut of hay is completed and producers are reporting average yields with good quality. Pastures will benefit from recent rains. Dugouts are about 75 per cent full.

Northwest Region

The Northwest Region had seasonal temperatures and general good drying conditions, with the exception of 22 mm of precipitation in the Swan River area.

Winter wheat, fall rye and pea harvest is well advanced in the Ste. Rose and Dauphin areas with above-average yields and good quality. Some spring wheat was combined in the southern areas.

Yield of canola is expected to be impacted by aster yellows and increasing evidence of sclerotinia. Silage corn, hemp and soybean crops continue to develop well in favourable conditions. As a result of higher seasonal moisture levels, overall crop yield and quality potentials are expected to be lower in the northern areas of the region.

Much of the greenfeed and native hay yields are average. Second cut in forages is continuing with good quality and yields. With wheat combining underway, straw is being baled.

Central Region

Rainfall amounts were variable with most areas reporting zero to eight mm.

Spring wheat yields range from 30 to 70 bu./acre with protein levels reported at 13.5 per cent and higher, good bushel weights and low levels of fusarium head blight. Barley yields range from 55 to 100 bu./acre; quality is good with low fusarium and vomitoxin levels being reported, along with higher-than-normal protein content. Oat yields range from 80 to 100 bu./acre. Pea yields range from 40 to 45 bu./acre.

Canola yield reports range from 20 to 40 bu./acre. Blackleg is evident in many fields and aster yellows can be found in all fields. As well, sclerotinia is present but at lower-than-normal levels.

Edible beans continue to fill and are starting to drop lower leaves, especially in drier areas.

Some soybean fields have new growth following recent rains. Spider mites have been reported in some fields.

Potatoes were stressed with the earlier heat and dry conditions; tuber growth is now improved with cooler conditions.

There were some improvements to pastures and hay land with the scattered rains and cooler temperatures but more rain would be welcomed. Dugouts and water supplies are below average.

Eastern Region

About 65 per cent of the Red Spring wheat acres are harvested. Reported yields are in the 50 bu./acre range with average quality. Barley is 70 per cent harvested with reported yields in the 55 bu./acre range with average quality. Oats are 50 per cent harvested with reported yields in the 80 bu./acre range. Quality concerns in regards to light bushel weights are noted.

About 60 per cent of canola acres are swathed while 20 per cent have been combined. Yield reports range widely from 20 to 35 bu./acre.

In the southern and some central areas, the late-season crops are showing symptoms of moisture stress.

It has been noted in southern areas an increasing number of producers are starting to feed on pasture while efforts to dig dugouts deeper or find other means to ensure livestock water supplies continue.

Interlake Region

About 50 per cent of spring wheat and 20 per cent of canola have been combined in the South Interlake. In the North Interlake, spring cereal harvest began late in the week. Swathing of canola is approximately 50 per cent complete across the region.

Yields of spring wheat are 50 bu./acre while canola yields are 20 bu./acre.

Hay harvest continues with access to wild areas and second and third cuts on alfalfa grass stands. Most reports from across the region are indicating below-average forage amounts. This area is also experiencing water supply shortages where pumping into dugouts and pasture pipelines are being utilized. Pasture conditions vary across the region but most report the ability to carry cattle to normal dates.

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