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Harvest continues, but it’s getting dry out there

Weekly Provincial Summary

  •  Warm, dry conditions across most of Manitoba allowed for excellent harvest progress.
  •  Most areas of Manitoba reported frost events throughout the week; few reports of crop damage were received. The exception is the Interlake Region where some acres were impacted and crop assessments are underway.
  •  Strong winds in some areas of Manitoba affected swathed canola, edible bean and alfalfa seed acres. Losses due to shattering were noted.
  •  Seeding of winter wheat continues across Manitoba.
  •  Precipitation would be welcomed to aid in winter wheat stand establishment, fall field work and replenishing soil moisture reserves and dugouts.

Southwest Region

Cereal crops are 90 per cent complete, canola 80 per cent complete and flax 50 per cent complete. Crops remaining to be harvested include corn, sunflowers and soybeans. Most of the region received frost September 16.

Producers started to silage corn; crop looks to be above average with good quality. Soybeans are turning and harvest should start shortly.

Winter wheat and fall rye were sown over the past week with seeding continuing into this week.

Several producers are harvesting slough hay as water levels continue to decline. Pastures are showing the effects of lack of rainfall and some producers have started to feed on pasture. Dugouts are 50 per cent full on average.

Northwest Region

Occasional periods of high winds in the Swan River Valley caused some of the remaining canola swaths to move and pile up with some losses reported due to shattering. Continuing lack of precipitation is resulting in dry soil moisture conditions in most of the region, contributing to reduced fall tillage operations and fall cereal seedbed and germination conditions.

Harvest of all seeded acres is 90 per cent complete on a regional basis. In the southern sector only maturing hemp, soybeans, buckwheat, flax, field beans, grain corn and red clover acres remain. The Swan River and The Pas areas have a small portion of unharvested canola acres remaining.

Winter wheat and fall rye seeding is underway; some producers have delayed seeding due to dry soil conditions.

Straw supplies are adequate. Native hay is being baled along with some late second-cut tame forages. Feed supplies are being sourced where localized shortages exist. Silage corn harvest has begun. Dugout water supplies are still adequate but are declining.

Central Region

Scattered light frosts were reported in most areas of the Central Region. No significant precipitation was reported.

Harvest of spring cereals and canola is essentially complete in all parts of the region. Flax harvest continues with yields in the 10 to 20 bu./acre range.

Edible bean harvest continues. Yields are respectable, especially given the dry conditions, and very good in areas receiving timely rains. Quality is generally good, although there is some green seed reported. Very dry conditions resulted in cracked seed coats. Wind last week moved swathed beans and caused losses.

Soybeans are maturing quickly and harvest continues.

Corn harvest has begun.

The backs of sunflower heads are turning yellow and desiccation applications have started.

Storage potato harvest is underway.

Winter wheat and fall rye seeding will wrap up this week. Some earlier-seeded crop has emerged but rain is needed to allow for even stands, or for germination.

Drainage work is progressing well.

Grasshoppers are reported as a concern in some areas. Some winter wheat field edges were treated with insecticide.

Livestock producers are struggling with pasture and water supplies. Dugouts are very low or dry and supplemental feeding is occurring in the driest areas.

Eastern Region

A slight frost early Sept. 13 morning was noted. No reports of crop damage were received. Accelerated leaf drop in soybean and increased leaf and plant dieback in corn and sunflower are noted.

Sunflowers are in the R9 growth stage and crop desiccation began. Soybeans are in the R8 to 95 per cent brown pod growth stage and harvest began throughout the Eastern Region. About 25 per cent of soybean acres are harvested across the region.

Corn is in the R6 growth stage and silaging is underway. Corn and sunflower maturity is noted as progressing rapidly and early harvests are expected.

In regards to winter feed supply level, hay is rated as 25 to 65 per cent adequate, straw is rated as 80 to 90 per cent adequate, greenfeed is rated as 70 per cent adequate and feed grains range from 25 to 80 per cent adequate.

The condition of the majority of pasture lands in the Eastern Region is rated as poor to very poor. Availability of livestock water is rated as 25 to 40 per cent inadequate across the region.

Interlake Region

Harvest of cereals and canola is essentially complete except for a small portion in the Riverton and Fisher Branch areas.

Soybean harvest began in the south with yields in the 25 to 40 bu/acre range.

Rain would be welcomed to encourage fall-seeded crops to germinate. Winter wheat has begun to emerge in the Riverton area.

Alfalfa harvest began on a few fields. Preliminary yield reports are very good. High winds in the Hilbre/Grahamdale area last week caused swathed alfalfa seed fields to roll resulting in high shattering losses.

Second- and third-cut hay yields in the Riverton area are excellent. The southwest and northwest portions of the Interlake remain very dry. Water supplies are low with some pumping to fill dugouts taking place. Supplemental feeding on pasture has been reported.

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