First frost Sept.16, but minimal damage reported

MAFRI crop report for Sept. 16, 2013

Weekly Provincial Summary

Warm, dry conditions across most of Manitoba allowed for excellent harvest progress. Reported spring wheat yields range from 30 to 85 bushels per acre, barley 60 to 140 bushels per acre, oats 85 to 180 bushels per acre, canola 15 to 65 bushels per acre, and edible beans 2,000 pounds per acre. The first acres of soybeans were also harvested with early yield reports of 35 to 55 bushels per acre.

Most areas of Manitoba reported frost events throughout the weekend. To date, minimal damage to crops has been reported.

Seeding of winter wheat continues across Manitoba. In the Central and Eastern Regions, some seeded acres have emerged. It is currently anticipated winter wheat acres will decrease from the previous year as a result of decreased availability of stubble prior to seeding deadlines, and good yields and quality of the 2013 spring wheat crop.

Southwest Region

The spring cereal harvest is in its final stages with 75 to 85 per cent of the crop harvested. Yield reports continue to come in well above-average with above-average bushel weights and generally lower protein levels.

The canola harvest saw good progress at 30 to 40 per cent completed. Yield reports for canola continue to be variable.

The majority of flax fields have seen pre-harvest desiccation applied. The field pea harvest is complete with generally above-average yields and quality.

Corn and soybeans continue to benefit from the warmer temperatures. Sunflowers are in the R7 stage of development.

Winter wheat and fall rye seeding increased slightly last week with the increase in harvested acres. However, many growers remain concerned with the dry soil conditions and have delayed planting.

Producers continue to move cattle to fall pastures and harvested crop stubble as supplemental pasture. Grass cattle and weaned calves are being moved to feedlots and/or marketed. The second cut alfalfa harvest is 75 to 80 per cent complete with the remainder of the crop still awaiting a killing frost prior to being harvested. Slough and marsh hay continue to be harvested to supplement winter feed supplies across the region.

Northwest Region

With the favourable harvest weather, an estimated 45 per cent of total acres are combined. An estimated 45 per cent of canola acres are in swath and 35 per cent is combined and yielding from 15 to 65 bu./acre. Overall quality and grade is very good.

Up to 75 per cent of spring wheat harvest is complete and yields range from 30 to 85 bu./acre with overall average of 65 bu./acre. Spring wheat is grading mostly No. 1 and No. 2 with many bushel weights up to 65 lbs./acre and protein levels at around 13.5 per cent.

Soybeans around the Dauphin and Ste. Rose areas are maturing with many fields dropping leaves.

A limited amount of winter wheat and fall rye acres are seeded.

Straw is being baled and removed. Some post harvest herbicide weed control treatments are being done.

Some forage shortfall still exists through the early season moisture and flood impacted lands in the Westlake and The Pas areas. Regional surpluses of forage and straw are available. Pastures conditions are rated as 20 per cent good, 55 per cent fair and 25 per cent poor. Livestock water levels remain adequate.

Central Region

Another good week of weather will see the majority of cereals and canola harvested.

Hard Red Spring wheat yields range from 40 to 80 bu./acre; general purpose wheat 80 to 105 bu./acre; barley 75 to 140 bu./acre, oats 90 to 180 bu./acre and canola from 25 to 65 bu./acre. A few quality issues reported in spring wheat with respect to lower protein levels (range from 12 to 14 per cent) and downgrading to No. 2 Canada due to colour loss as a result of rain. High yields in general purpose wheat are combined with low protein levels in some cases. There are a few reports of downgrading due to ergot.

Edible bean harvest continues with yield reports in the 2,000 lb./acre range.

The first acres of soybeans have been harvested with early yield reports of 35 to 55 bu./acre.

Winter wheat seeding continues. Seeded acres are expected to be similar to lower than last year.

Livestock producers are working on greenfeed and cereal silage harvest. Haying continues.

Eastern Region

Harvest is estimated at 60 per cent complete in the Eastern Region. Average yields for the region are: winter wheat 70 to 80 bu./acre, spring wheat 45 to 60 bu./acre, barley 85 bu./acre, oats 100 to 125 bu./acre and canola 40 bu./acre.

Soybeans are at R7 stage of development. The most advanced, short-seasoned varieties are almost fully mature. Some preliminary harvesting may start this week. Corn is in the dent (R5) stage with the milk line moving down the kernel. Corn silage harvest is underway with yields well above-average. Sunflower development is at R8 with bract browning in progress.

Winter feed supply status is: hay at five to 10 per cent surplus, 80 to 90 per cent adequate and five to 10 per cent inadequate; straw at 100 per cent surplus, greenfeed at 100 per cent adequate and feed grains at five to 10 per cent surplus, 80 to 90 per cent adequate and five to 10 per cent inadequate.

Interlake Region

Cereal and canola harvest is nearly complete. A few crops remain as persistent green kernels are slow to ripen. Soybean harvest is set to begin in the south and is about a week away in the north. Frost will accelerate the dry down of soybeans and may have damaged some of the crops that were not yet mature. Alfalfa seed harvest started in drier areas of the region.

Winter wheat seeding is continuing with seeding deadlines approaching.

Haying continues with good quality being reported. Access to low meadows is better than expected and will help to boost feed supplies. Pastures are in good condition, although some farms are feeding cattle on pastures. Pasture water supplies are still adequate.

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