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Crop Report – for Sep. 17, 2009

SOUTHWEST

The majority of the region got precipitation over the past week, with amounts ranging from 25 to 100 millimetres.

Cereal crop harvest ranges from 30 to 60 per cent complete with yield and quality average to above average. Recent precipitation is having an impact on quality, with bleaching of spring wheat and staining in barley being reported. About 25 per cent of the canola crop has been harvested south of Highway 1 while a small percentage has been harvested in the northern areas of the region; yields are average to above average.

Pastures continue to support livestock. In response to feed supply concerns, producers in some areas are grazing hay fields after second or third cut.

NORTHWEST

Warm temperatures allowed harvest to progress, except in the region’s east. Heavy rains Sept. 7 and 8 resulted in accumulations of 35 to 275 mm, with Ste. Amelie, Eddystone and Cayer the worst hit. Hail was reported at Ethelbert.

Spring wheat harvest has started at The Pas; harvest is 45 per cent complete in the Roblin, Ste. Rose and Dauphin areas and 80 per cent complete around Swan River. Yields range from 30 to 60 bushels per acre with good quality. Canola harvest has started around Swan River, Dauphin and Ste Rose with yields of 35 to 50 bu./ac. Other areas of the region are 50 per cent swathed. Sclerotinia in canola and fusarium in wheat are showing up around Ste. Rose.

Excess moisture in the east has saturated bales in the field and native hay won’t be harvested in the Westlake areas. Putting up native hay at Waterhen, Meadow Portage and Crane River will be a challenge.

CENTRAL

Excellent harvest progress was slowed with rain and cooler temperatures. Rainfall ranged from 10 to 75 mm for much of the region, with areas near the border seeing up to 175 mm. Hail has damaged standing and swathed crop in small areas. Wet soils are causing delays in swathing and harvest.

Many producers are reporting excellent spring cereal and canola yields. Spring wheat yields range from 45 to 75 bu./ac. with good quality. Protein is lower than average and fusariumdamaged kernels are low. Barley yields range from 60 to 100 bu./ ac. Oat yields range from 85 to 150 bu./ac. The majority of canola is swathed. Canola yields range from 25 to 50 bu./ac. with average yields of 35 bu./ac.

Most sunflowers are finished blooming; the earliest-seeded crop is starting to finish. Sclerotinia head rot is becoming evident in many fields. Soybeans are starting to turn. Some flax has been combined. Edible bean harvest will begin shortly.

Potato harvest continues; most producers will be taking in crop this week.

Haying continues with slow progress due to wet, humid conditions. Wet weather is keeping pastures green and growth adequate, but continuously grazed pastures are beginning to deteriorate.

Winter wheat and fall rye is being seeded but acres are limited.

EAST

Harvesting occurred in some districts at the beginning of last week, but heavy rainfall at the end of the week resulted in accumulations of 44-76 mm and halted harvest operations. Soil moisture status is rated full.

Winter wheat harvest is complete with yields of 60-85 bu./ac. A limited amount of available canola stubble has greatly limited the amount of winter wheat acres seeded this fall. About 10 per cent of early-seeded spring wheat was harvested with yields ranging from 40 to 60 bu./ac. Low fusarium head blight levels are being reported. Barley is over 50 per cent complete with yields of 75-100 bu./ac. A limited amount of oats has been harvested with yields ranging from 80 to 100 bu./ac. Canola is 75 per cent swathed with 10-15 per cent combined. Quality is good with yields of 30-50 bu./ ac. Early-seeded soybeans are in the R6 growth stage with some early-maturing varieties moving into R7. Corn is entering the early-dent stage.

Hay and pasture land are rated as good. Where good regrowth is occurring, many producers will take a third cut. Cattle producers will be baling straw to supplement feed supplies this winter.

INTERLAKE

Precipitation for the past week ranged from eight mm in the south Interlake to 150 mm in the Gypsumville area.

Harvest progress in the region ranges from zero in the Arborg area to 50 per cent complete in the south of the region. Earlyseeded spring wheat fields have been harvested; a majority of spring wheat crops are mature in the south of the region but requires grain and straw to dry down further for harvest operations to start. Swathing of canola crops is about 50 per cent complete and canola crops harvested to date have yielded between 25 and 45 bu./ ac. Sclerotinia infection is the limiting factor in lower-yielding canola fields. Barley crops harvested to date are yielding 70-90 bu./ac.

Winter wheat is being seeded into canola stubble in the south Interlake.

Alfalfa seed crops did not set seed due to the excessive moisture in an area extending from Gimli to Ashern. These fields will be harvested as forage hay crops. Alfalfa seed crops in the Moosehorn area have set seed.

Unseeded fields in the north Interlake are being tilled – many for the first time this season.

Harvests of forage crops and green feed continued over the past week in the north Interlake. Excess moisture in the Arborg and Gypsumville areas has brought hay harvesting there to a standstill.

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