Crop Report – for Sep. 16, 2010

SOUTHWEST

Rainfall over the past week limited harvest to only a couple of days. In most cases producers were harvesting damp to wet grain.

Harvests of cereal crops vary from 70 per cent complete in the Killarney area and 40 to 50 per cent north of Souris, to less than 10 per cent harvested north of Highway 1. Yields vary as a result of wet conditions throughout the season. Quality also varies greatly as recent wet weather is causing bleaching and sprouting.

Harvesting of canola is about 30 per cent complete in the south of the region to under 10 per cent in northern areas. Yields are average to below average. The majority of canola acres are swathed.

Flax is turning and no reports of harvesting to date. Sunflowers are starting to show disease issues with head rot and sclerotinia. Soybeans are doing well. Very little winter wheat has been planted in the region as unseeded land remain too wet to plant.

Haying continues to be a struggle as rainfall reduces quality and limits the ability to put up dry feed. Slough hay is in standing water and producers have not had the opportunity to access this feed. Some producers have started a second cut and quality is below average.

Pastures are in average shape for this time of year; drier areas are being overgrazed and the feed in wet areas is getting too mature, therefore less palatable.

NORTHWEST

Cool, windy, wet weather prevailed for most of the week. Harvest operations were limited to field tillage, some swathing and removal of straw, with only isolated cereal combining over the weekend.

While the area from Grandview west through Roblin is more advanced, harvest staging remains variable through all areas, with acres combined unchanged significantly over the week. Cereals are about 75 to 80 per cent swathed or have had pre-harvest treatments and 20 to 25 per cent combined. Canola is estimated at 70 to 80 per cent swathed and five per cent combined.

Wheat straw production is lower than average. Some silage operations are continuing, along with some late second-cut haying. Areas around Winnipegosis, the Westlake and northeast of Swan River remain challenged for forage production. In most of the region, pasture conditions and available forage remain good. Recent rains and high lake levels have affected some producers dependent on native hay and pasture.

CENTRAL

Little harvest progress was made last week due to wet conditions following heavy rains. Most of the region received up to 100 millimetres of rain this past week. Standing water is visible in many fields and many field drains and ditches are full. Hail in the Somerset area caused some damage to swathed canola. Areas receiving less precipitation saw a few canola fields swathed or combined over the weekend.

Cereal grains harvest is reported to be 80 to 100 per cent complete across the region. Yields are variable, depending on rainfall during the growing season. Quality has been generally good, although some fusarium levels are high; the quality of remaining crop is declining due to the recent rains. Protein is reported as average.

Most of the canola crop is ripe and being swathed, or will be as soon as field conditions allow; about 60 per cent has been combined. Eastern parts of the area have made the most progress, with the escarpment area further behind. Yields vary from 10 to 65 bushels per acre, averaging 35 to 45 bu./ac. Good grades are reported. There are a few reports of sprouting and concerns of shattering in crop that has been in swath for extended periods.

The majority of the flax crop is ripe. Average yields are reported with good grades, although some report late-seeded flax aborting bolls due to high temperatures while in the flowering stage.

Warm-season crops such as corn, soybeans, dry beans and sunflowers continue to mature. Some dry beans have been harvested in the Portage area; fields in the south are ready to cut, but field conditions need to improve.

There are many reports of defoliation in soybeans due to green cloverworm; in most cases, injury isn’t significant enough to warrant control measures. Significant colour change is being seen in soybeans in the south; further north, soybeans are still green.

New potato quality and yields are good. The main dig will start once fields dry up. Disease is a concern due to wet field conditions.

Winter wheat seeding has been done in the Morris and Gladstone areas with limited acres elsewhere. Cultivation of harvested fields is most advanced in eastern parts of the region. Wet conditions will limit progress.

Second-cut hay is mostly complete with good yields and average to below-average quality, although some is still sitting in swath and quality is deteriorating.

Pastures are seeing good growth, though some are being damaged due to soggy conditions.

EAST

Rainfall accumulations last week ranged from six to 125 mm with most areas receiving significant rainfall. Standing water is again evident in some fields, especially in northern areas. As a result, harvesting, haying and fall field work were halted for most of the week.

Only five to 10 per cent of the spring wheat crop remains to be harvested. Quality degradation and expected downgrading in the remaining crop were noted. About 60-95 per cent of oat acres have been harvested, with quality degradation reported in the remaining crop due to mildew. Canola harvest is 70-95 per cent complete; based on acres just recently harvested, quality remains satisfactory.

Soybeans continued seed filling with the most advanced part of the crop just reaching the R7 yellow pod stage. Sunflowers continued seed filling and yield potential continued to vary greatly. Flax harvest ranges from 25 to 50 per cent complete. Corn is starting to dent. Soil moisture conditions last week ranged from good in southern districts to full in the north of the region.

In southern areas, 25 per cent of winter wheat acres have been seeded. While there have been some reports of winter wheat seeding in northern districts, negligible progress has been made.

Hay ranges from poor to fair in northern districts to fair in southern districts. There was limited to no progress in haying last week, especially in northern districts. Pasture conditions were rated as fair across the region.

INTERLAKE

Heavy rains fell across the region between Monday evening and Wednesday. Accumulations ranged from 50 to 70 mm, with 93 mm falling in the Woodlands area. This has resulted in standing water and full drains and ditches.

Limited harvest resumed on the weekend. Field rutting is apparent. Yields are below average except in some fields on land with good drainage. Quality is variable; sprouting is reported. Straw yields are low. A shortage of straw and livestock bedding is anticipated.

Soybeans are starting to change colour as maturity approaches. Yellow leaves and some leaf drop are apparent in earlier-maturing varieties. Sunflower desiccation has begun in the south.

Some tillage has taken place on harvested fields. Seeding of winter wheat has started but wet conditions have hampered progress and some fields may not get seeded. No hay harvesting took place over the last week. Second-cut hay is deteriorating in the swath or not yet cut. Winter feed supply is a concern in areas north from St. Laurent to Chatfield and east toward Arborg, and along Lake Winnipeg from Gimli to Washow Bay. It’s expected that no native hay will be harvested due to excess moisture.

Pasture conditions are poor to good as regrowth is slow and mature growth in low areas is not appealing to cattle. Alternatives to native pasture are being explored so the grazing season can extend through October.

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Thefeedinwetareas isgettingtoomature, thereforelesspalatable.

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