Cereal crops are 80 to 85 per cent complete; yields are average and quality is average to below average due to several rain showers. Canola harvest is 80 per cent complete with yields average to below average with reports that later-seeded canola has been impacted by frost. Flax harvest is 70 per cent complete and yields are average to below average with reports of disease affecting yields in most areas. Sunflower producers are just starting harvest. Corn silage has begun with reports of good yield and good quality. Several producers are looking at fall weed control. Most cattle producers are moving cows off pasture as pasture land is done for year. Some producers have started to feed.
Harvest of cereals and canola is complete in most of the region. Very little flax has been swathed to date.
Regional cereal yields are estimated at 40 to 45 bu./ac. for Hard Red Spring wheat, 45 to 50 bu./ac. for extra strong wheat, 55 bu./ac. for barley, and oats at 75 to 85 bu./ac. Canola averaged approximately 30 to 35 bu./ac.
Variability characterized yield and quality ranges through the rest of the region. Yield averages of industrial hemp are variable and low, ranging from 100 to 250 pounds/acre. However, seed quality and size is very good. Canola was 95 per cent No. 1.
Extensive fieldwork, fall weed control applications, straw baling and removal have been completed. Fall fertilizer applications have begun. Available straw for livestock is lower than normal throughout the eastern cereal crop areas.
Late-season alfalfa and hay has been harvested; generally lower yields are reported. Fall pasture conditions and available forage are good in most of the region. Additional native hay has been harvested even though quality is reduced. Localized winter feed supply shortages are expected.
Although there have been some nice surprises, many producers comment on mixed results. Yields are average for the most part, with a wide range of yields in all crops varying according to both amount of rain and time of seeding.
Wet soil conditions have resulted in many problems with equipment getting stuck, and ruts are a concern, especially in the heavier clay soils. Some fields still have standing water, where harvest is next to impossible. Spring wheat yields varied widely, ranging from 20 to 65 bu./ac. The majority of the crop graded No. 2 CW or better. Quality is generally good. Protein levels are average. Much of the winter wheat was torn up in spring due to winter kill; yields were extremely variable ranging from 40 to 85 bu./ ac. with average yields in the 55 to 65 bu./ac. range.
Barley yields averaged 70 to 80 bu./ac. There was some sprouting due to rains. Oats ranged widely again this year. Yields ranged from 65 to over 170 bu./ac., with the average at 100 bu./ac. Quality is variable.
Canola yields were better than expected in many cases. Yields were variable, ranging from 15 to 60 bu./ac. Quality is excellent for the most part with majority grading No. 1. Flax yields averaged 20 to 25 bu./ac. Quality is good. Edible bean harvest is about 95 per cent complete. Quality is average. Soybean harvest is 75 to 95 per cent complete. Buckwheat harvest is about 50 per cent complete; yields average 25 bu./ac. Potato harvest is 80 to 90 per cent complete; yields range from 240 to 400 cwt. Quality is generally good. Wet conditions at harvest and late blight are expected to cause storage problems.
Sunflower harvest ranges from 20 to 90 per cent complete; yield reports range from 1,200 to 1,500 lbs./ac. Yields and quality are affected by sclerotinia head and stem rot. Corn silage harvest continues. Fall cultivation progress ranges widely.
In some low-lying areas, excess moisture continues to create harvesting challenges. The southeastern region continues to struggle with the remaining acres of oats, canola and flax left to harvest. Cereals harvest is nearly 100 per cent complete with the exception of some oat fields. Overall wheat yields ranged from 15 to 60 bu./ ac. with below-average quality reported in northern districts while southern areas reported average yields and quality.
Oilseed harvest is 95 per cent complete. Canola yields range from five to 45 bu./ac. with average quality. Flax is yielding between five to 25 bu./ac. with average quality. Significant progress was made in the soybean harvest. Average yields range from 15 to 40 bu./ac. Quality was generally good. Sunflower harvest is 25 per cent complete with varying yield reports of 1,000 lbs./ac. or less. Corn harvest is 10 per cent complete. The recent weather improvements allowed producers the opportunity to focus some attention on field work and ditching.
Promising weather all week allowed some producers to make significant progress in baling hay and making silage. Quality continued to be an issue while the conditions of the pastures continued to deteriorate.
Most grain producers have finished their harvest as progress ranges from 80 to 100 per cent complete. Crops remaining to be harvested are a small portion of soybean and sunflower acres as wet field conditions are hampering harvest. Hard red spring wheat yields averaged 28 bu./ac. with grades varying from No. 2 CW to CW Feed. About 70 per cent of the crop graded CW Feed while 15 per cent graded No. 2 CW and 15 per cent No. 3 CW. Oat yields averaged 45 bu./ac. with 15 per cent grading No. 1 CW with the balance of the crop grading poorly. Barley yielded 40 bu./ ac. with grades No. 1 and 2 CW at 40 per cent of the crop each and 20 per cent grading sample. Fusarium and sprouting were the main reasons for downgrading in all cereals. Canola yields averaged 24 bu./ac. while grades were 65 per cent No. 1 and 35 per cent No. 2. Flax yields on average were 16 bu./ac. while grades were quite good with most grading No. 1 CW.
Soybean yields were quite good, averaging 32 bu./ac. with very good quality. Sunflower harvest is still underway with preliminary yields in the 1,100 lb./ac. range. Canary seed yields are strong at or near 1,000 lb./ ac. It is expected that quality of canary seed and sunflowers may have deteriorated with the prolonged harvest.
Second-cut haying continues with good quality as weather co-operates. Straw and low-quality feeds are also being baled and removed from fields. Alfalfa seed harvest is complete. Some fields have been baled as forage due to poor seed set or poor-quality seed. Supplemental feeding on pastures is becoming apparent as pasture growth declines.