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Crop Report – for Jun. 17, 2010

SOUTHWEST:

Most of the region saw scattered rainshowers throughout the past week. Warm temperatures over the weekend were sufficient to dry fields enough for spraying operations. Crops are advancing with the heat; crops are shorter in height and are tillering quickly.

The majority of acres in the region needs to be sprayed. Producers are keeping an eye on crop staging. Throughout the region approximately 15 per cent of the acres remain unseeded. Most producers are still looking at seeding. However, there remain areas where land is too wet and will not dry before seeding deadlines.

Winter wheat is heading while majority of fall rye acres have headed. Both crops look good.

Forage crops are advancing well and producers will start haying within the next couple of weeks. Pastures are doing well.

NORTHWEST:

With the exception of The Pas, significant rain fell across most of the Northwest region during the week. Estimates for the region suggest 15 per cent of acres remain unseeded, which mainly are intended for canola. Some localized areas have as high as 50 per cent total unseeded. As overall averages, flooded field conditions exist on approximately 10 per cent and an additional 15 per cent of planted fields areas are extremely wet to saturated. The remaining field acres are upwards of 50 to 80 per cent yellowed due to wet soil and some possible nitrogen losses.

Approximately 30 per cent of herbicide applications have been completed on wheat. Where producers can spray the crops, rutting is evident in many fields.

Cereal leaf diseases are developing with reports of tan spot observed on lower leaves of wheat.

Diamondback moth counts continue to be low through the area. Forage and pasture growth is good. Dugouts are full with the creeks and streams in full flow.

CENTRAL:

The Central region received varying amounts of precipitation. Hail was reported in few locations last week but no reports of damage. The cool weather this past week has helped stressed crops to recover.

A large number of the fields in the Fannystelle, Starbuck and Elie region still have water issues and may not be reseeded this year. Canola is being floated on and harrowed because of wet field conditions. Few producers were able to seed edible beans and soybeans.

Weed control is an issue and airplanes are being used. A number of fields have been sprayed in the last week. Producers are inquiring about nutrient availability due to the heavy rains.

Winter wheat and fall rye are starting to head out. Fungicides are being applied to winter wheat to control leaf and head disease. Wheat streak mosaic is still evident on fields in the Somerset area. Diamondback moth traps continue to show high numbers and producers should be aware larvae are hatching.

Producers are trying to use the weather forecast to cut alfalfa and put into good-quality feed. Pastures are maintaining good growth if fields do not have standing water.

EASTERN:

Spraying was delayed by wet conditions until late in the week. The window for applying herbicides on some early-seeded fields is closing quickly.

Earlier-seeded fields are managing the excess moisture better than late-seeded crops. Barley and oats are tillering while some wheat fields are approaching flag leaf. Some tan spot and septoria has been reported with low intensity. Plant death is prominent in areas where water in the field is still noticeable (one to 10 per cent); crop yellowing (five to 25 per cent) while low-lying areas are still pale green (10 to 75 per cent). Canola staging ranges from four leaf (75 per cent) to early flowering.

Soybean development ranges from cotyledon to third-trifoliate-leaf stage. Nodulation is well established on plant roots. Damage from excess moisture is noticeable in low areas.

Corn is in the V4 to V5 stage and looks good. Sunflowers are in V3 to V6 and also look good. Winter wheat is 75 to 100 per cent headed out with very good plant stands.

Diamondback moth counts were lower last week but total counts are high indicating a potential problem later this summer.

Alfalfa fields are budding with producers cutting late in the week.

INTERLAKE:

Last week precipitation varied across the Interlake as a result of thunderstorms. The Gunton area reported between 85 and 100 mm of rain in one afternoon. The area north and east of Fisher Branch also reported 75 mm on Tuesday evening.

Some areas have been saturated for several weeks.

Pale-green cereal crops are prevalent in wetter parts of fields due to water stress or loss of nitrogen. Herbicide applications continue with ground sprayers leaving ruts. Aerial herbicide applications have been made in the wetter areas.

Early-planted canola crops are in early-bud stage. Water stress on young canola has resulted in a high degree of crop loss and is most prevalent in the north Interlake. Some canola that was just seeded prior to excessive rains has not emerged.

Soybean crops range from just emerged to the second-trifoliate-leaf stage.

Winter wheat crops have headed out and fungicide application is underway.

Alfalfa hay crops have started to bloom with harvest being postponed by dairy producers until the weather pattern changes to sunny and drier conditions. The height on the more productive alfalfa hayfields is now between 26 and 30 inches.

Pastures are generally in good condition as grass growth is excellent. Pastures are being damaged from hoof action as cattle graze on the wet soils.

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