Your Reading List

Crop Report – for Jun. 10, 2010

SOUTHWEST:

There was little to no seeding progress made over the past week due to rainshowers on several days. Moisture situation is rated as excessive in most areas. Approximately 15 to 20 per cent of the acres currently remain unseeded. Producers are looking at alternative seeding options such as broadcasting and harrowing; aerial seeding has been used in areas. Some producers are starting to change seeding plans because of the late seeding.

Weed control has started in the early-seeded crops; wet conditions at application have resulted in ruts.

Crop has been advancing slowly because of the cool weather.

Winter wheat and fall rye is in the flag-leaf to heading stage.

Pastures are in good shape and first-cut hay looks good.

NORTHWEST:

All districts in the region have areas in fields that are flooded as a result of excessive rains over the past week. This has resulted in germination issues and plant seedling mortality in those areas and has put a halt to the completion of seeding operations. Some attempts have been made to broadcast canola.

Annual crops on welldrained soils are doing well. However, crops would welcome ideal growing conditions to recover from the saturated soil conditions.

Excess moisture is also impacting herbicide applications as weeds and crops are at the proper stage of growth in many fields.

There have been reports of cutworm activity in the Swan Valley. There has also been some spraying for flea beetles in that area of the province as well.

Hay and pasture crops are growing well.

CENTRAL:

The region received varying amounts of precipitation over the past week. Small pockets of hail also went through the region last week.

The area of Rosenort to Rathwell to Elie and to Winnipeg was the most affected by the rains. Approximately 20 to 25 per cent of the acres will have drowned-out areas. Another 25 per cent of the acres are showing stress. Gladstone area had 15 per cent of the acres affected by excess moisture. Treherne area had two to five per cent of the acres drowned out, mainly in low areas.

In the Morden area, only five per cent of the acres are being affected adversely. The area around Altona has lost five per cent of the acres; another 10 per cent of the acres are showing excess water stress. Crops in the Somerset-Pilot Mound areas are yellowing from the high moisture, but a small amount of that area should be affected.

An increasing number of fields are showing symptoms of water stress with the losses contained to the field drains.

Producers are finished seeding in some areas while others are trying to finish for the first time before attempting to reseed fields. Approximately 20 per cent of the edible bean acres remain to be planted.

Herbicide spraying is being done by ground resulting in ruts. Aerial herbicide and fungicide spraying is taking place. Winter wheat is being sprayed with fungicides for leaf diseases.

Diamondback moth are still evident in the trap counts and larvae are beginning to hatch so fields should be checked. Cutworms were being sprayed in some fields and producers should monitor fields once conditions dry.

Alfalfa is into the bud stage and cutting should start this week. Expected yields are two tonnes per acre.

EASTERN:

Precipitation during the week delayed seeding and spraying operations. The sporadic rainshowers also caused flooding in some fields. Areas of Eastern Region impacted the most include Ridgeville, Emerson, Dominion City, Arnaud, Niverville, Blumenort, Landmark and Ste. Anne. Oat, wheat and cornfields are showing resiliency to the water stress; yellowing of the crop is noticeable in some low areas. In general, the percentage of crop exhibiting yellowing symptoms ranges from 10 to 60 per cent.

Canola acres appear to be impacted the most, particularly in the Dugald area.

Overall, plant stands are thinner in low spots and crop development is delayed. More field assessments will be done over the next week. Cereals are in the tillering stage while corn ranges from two-to five-leaf stage. Flea beetle damage is noticeable in late-seeded canola fields. Diamondback moth counts are high indicating a potential issue later this summer. Soybeans appear to be handling the excess water to date; low areas of fields have delayed growth but soybean plants continue to emerge daily. Staging of soybeans range from emerging to cotyledon.

Alfalfa cutting has begun with average yield expected. Overland flooding of pastures in the Vita and Stuartburn areas is creating concern for livestock producers.

INTERLAKE:

The region received more precipitation over the past week. Water ponding on cropland is evident and affects from five to 30 per cent of field area. Canola acres appear to the most affected; cereal crops are faring better, but are showing symptoms of excess moisture stress. The Marquette-Warren areas, as well as much of the Northern Interlake, are the most affected areas in the region.

Early-seeded canola is at the four-to five-leaf stage, while early-seeded cereals are at the five-to six-leaf stage. Winter wheat is at the boot to early-headed stage.

Producers resumed herbicide application by mid-week where field access was possible. Some aerial application is taking place. Herbicide decisions are more important when fields are impacted by excess moisture as producers must take into consideration yield potential and the additional cost of aerial application.

Forage crops are progressing well, but harvestability of high quality hay is hampered by water ponding on most fields.

Pastures are producing well.

About the author

Comments

explore

Stories from our other publications