Rainfall over the past week varied. Warm weather helped the crop advance, however rainfall kept many producers from haying until the weekend.
Producers will start desiccating winter wheat towards the end of the week. Some fall rye has been cut. Some of the fall rye has been put up for silage and yields have been good. Early-seeded cereal crops are starting to turn.
Some areas are reporting lodging of cereal crops. Fusarium is showing up in fields and as crops begin to mature the per cent of infection is becoming more noticeable. Leaf disease in both wheat and barley is high. Earlyseeded canola is podding and the majority is in full bloom. No major issues with insects or disease to date. Flax is flowering and earlyseeded flax is starting to form bolls.
Some of the early-seeded corn is starting to show tassels. The earlyseeded sunflowers are starting to flower; the majority will start flowering in a week’s time. Haying progressed towards the end of the week with producers baling fields that had been cut for several days and had seen two to three rains. Yield is still reported to be above average with quality average to below average. The second cut is looking to be average and producers will start on it towards the end of this week. Pastures continue to improve.
Widespread occasional scattered showers and thunderstorms were reported across the area. Most cereals are fully headed and early-seeded fields are at various dough stages. The majority of the canola is at the podding stage with approximately 30 per cent exhibiting immature seed development. Wild oats and Canada thistle are prevalent in cereals. Cereal leaf diseases are also evident. Aphid populations are present in some barley fields near Roblin. No preventive spraying has been reported.
Excess moisture and flooded fields are drying up slowly with spray outs and some tillage continuing. Pastures continue to improve generally, with reports of excellent capacity in the western part of the region. Weather that is more favourable permitted the hay harvest to proceed. Occasional high humidity did slow the curing of cut fields. Approximately 20 per cent has been baled and 30 per cent to 40 per cent cut. The area has variations in quality and yield with Roblin and Swan River being more advanced and of better quality. More haylage and silage is being utilized. A few producers in the wetter areas of Ethelbert, Winnipegosis and the Westlake; are able to selectively harvest as field and humidity conditions allow.
The region experienced drier, warmer weather until end of the week with variation in rainfall from zero to 50 mm. An area west of Morden received as high as 125 mm. Early-harvested winter wheat is yielding 70 to 85 bu./ac. with fusarium levels fluctuating from 0.5 to three per cent.
Larger acreages of winter wheat should be harvested in the coming week. Barley harvest should begin as soon as the warmer temperatures mature the crops. Early-seeded canola fields may be swathed this week given that fields are maturing quickly in the heat. The soybean crop is in R2 to R3 with pods being formed. Sunflowers are in R1 to R5 with a few of the fields beginning to flower. Corn is beginning the R1 growth stage. Flax is finishing flowering and is at the green seed stage. Edible beans are in R2 to R5 staging. Bertha army worm traps are being monitored with higher numbers in the Carberry-Somerset areas. Army worms in cereals are being monitored with few fields needing control. Other fields saw larval counts decrease with insects changing to the pupal stage.
Heat accumulation across the region was approximately 60 per cent of normal last week. Significant crop development in both corn and soybeans was witnessed over the last week.
Rainfall accumulations were extremely variable. Spring wheat is nearly completely heading out and filling while oats is about 90 per cent heading and filling.
Winter wheat harvest started earlier in the week with good yields reported but fusarium head blight is surfacing as a concern. Producers are spraying the later-flowering canola for sclerotinia. Soybeans are in the R2-R3 stage. Some soybeans fields are podding very well with 13 pods developed on the plant. Flax has nearly completed flowering. Corn is starting to tassel and first ears are visible (VT-V3). Sunflowers are at the R2-R3 stage. The flowering periods for cool, season crops like canola and flax were about average this year. Many early seeded canola fields flowered for more than 14 days. Hayfield and pasture land conditions are rated as good to fair. First-cut hay is complete and second cut is well underway. Crop client concerns remain focused on two areas: (1) the weather as we’re approaching harvest and (2) MASC’s August 3 deadline for 2010 Canada-Manitoba Excess Moisture Assistance Program.
Warm conditions have prevailed. Localized scattered showers fell. Thundershowers late in the week resulted in two to 60 mm of precipitation with reports of isolated areas near Arborg receiving 75 mm.
The recent warmer daytime temperatures have been beneficial to the warm-season crops. Corn is in the tassel stage, confectionery sunflowers are in the flowering stage and the height of soybean crops continues to increase. Winter wheat and fall rye are ripening and pre-harvest dessication has started in the south.
Winter wheat has generally very high levels of fusarium infection and fall rye is infected with ergot. Canola is podded. The warm weather has allowed for excellent leaf cutter bee activity. Alfalfa producers are applying fungicides where field traffic is possible. Haying progress is mixed. The Shoal Lake area west of Inwood has producers with only 15 per cent complete. The Ashern area is approximately 25 per cent complete.
Many of the Fisher Branch and Peguis producers have yet to start, and the Arborg/Riverton areas are 25 to 30 per cent complete on good ground. It will be several weeks before the harvesting of native hay and marginal land can begin, providing good weather prevails. The hay that is being harvested now is coarse, and of lower feed value than normal. Yields are mostly above average, but many acres cannot be accessed thus reducing overall yields.
Pasture conditions are deteriorating. High ground continues to be overgrazed. Horsefly populations are extreme. Cattle performance has been negative as foraging for feed in muddy conditions and high insect pressure hinder adequate feed intake.