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Crop Report – for Jul. 16, 2009

SOUTHWEST REGION

Several areas in the region received needed rainfall last week with amounts ranging from 15 to 150 mm.

The majority of the cereal crops are in the flag-leaf to early-heading stage with some of the early-seeded crop finished flowering. The window for fungicide application is closing quickly. Canola crops are flowering with reseeded crops starting to bolt. Flax fields are starting to flower. Sunflower and corn crops are one metre tall.

First cut of hay is approximately 33 per cent complete with reports of average to below-average yields. Several producers are reporting alfalfa weevil damage. Pastures welcomed the rainfall but in some areas it may have been too late as the pastures have already turned brown.

NORTHWEST REGION

Rainfall ranging from zero to 58 mm in some areas helped to alleviate the dry soil conditions; most areas received an average of five to 15 mm of precipitation. Parts of the region are still reporting dry conditions. Evening temperatures below 5C were reported over the weekend with some localized areas reporting lower temperatures.

For crop development, 25 to 75 per cent of cereal crops are headed out and 45 to 80 per cent of canola crops are flowering. Low disease levels are being reported, but some fungicide has been applied where conditions warrant.

Haying is underway but behind schedule with cool spring conditions and inclement harvesting weather. Yields are being reported as below average. Alfalfa weevil is present in some fields at Rorketon, Eddystone, Crane River and Winnipegosis with some fields showing major damage.

CENTRAL REGION

Rainfall for the area on July 9 ranged from 15 to 60 mm of precipitation with an average of 25 mm across the region. Areas in the Starbuck and Elm Creek region had upwards of 60 mm of rain.

Fungicide applications on canola crops for sclerotinia and on cereal crops for leaf diseases and fusarium head blight is taking place. The variability of crop staging within some fields continues to pose fungicide application timing issues. Herbicide spraying and fertilizer applications are still taking place.

The majority of soybeans are in the fourth to fifth trifoliate stage and early fields are beginning to flower. Corn is growing well and in some fields is 1.2 metres tall.

Insect trap counts for bertha army worm and diamondback moths are low. Grasshoppers are being sprayed in fields where feeding damage warrants it.

First-cut alfalfa is almost complete, with good yields and quality being reported. Second cut will benefit from recent rainfalls. Pastures are in good condition due to warmer temperatures and good moisture.

EASTERN REGION

Thunderstorms moved through the region last week with central and northern areas reporting trace amounts to 60 mm of precipitation. Soil moisture conditions are rated as full across the region.

Crop development varies. Cereal crops range from tillering to heading stage. Applications of fungicides to control leaf diseases and/or fusarium head blight are occurring. Early-seeded canola is flowering while later-seeded fields are bolting. Fungicide applications on the most advanced crops are occurring. Soybeans are in the fourth trifoliate to flowering (R1) stage. Iron chlorosis is evident in many fields. Flax is eight inches tall. Corn is 45 to 60 cm tall.

The winter wheat crop is rated in good condition. Hayfield and pasture land conditions are rated as good. Haying progress has been challenged with intermittent rainfall. Yields have been slightly below average with alfalfa stand producing 1.5 dry matter tons/ acre and alfalfa/grass stands producing two dry matter tons/acre.

INTERLAKE REGION

Scattered showers throughout the Interlake last week resulted in accumulations of 10 to 28 mm. The northeast Interlake is experiencing excess moisture, making field operations difficult. In areas northwest of Riverton, hail on July 9 caused damage to crops with assessments still occurring.

Cereal crops range from the boot stage to heading depending on seeding date. Some green feed crops were seeded in the past week.

Canola crop development varies from rosette stage to flowering.

Herbicide applications are continuing on the late-seeded crops. Fungicide applications to cereals and canola have started.

Soybean crops are in the fourth trifoliate leaf stage and sunflowers are in early-bud stage. Corn crops are in the V4 stage.

Leafcutter bee release began last week. Alfalfa weevil continue to cause damage to seed and hayfields.

Haying operations are on-going across the region. In the R. M.’s of Gimli, Armstrong, Bifrost, and Fisher, many fields have been cut with the exception of the low areas as standing water is restricting field travel.

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