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Crop Report – for Jul. 14, 2011

SOUTHWEST REGION

There was minimal rainfall in the southwest region over the past week. Producers took advantage of the drier weather to plant greenfeed and spray unseeded land. Winter wheat crops are heading and majority of fungicide applications have been completed. The crop looks to be average.

Fall rye is heading and looks to be average as well. Cereal crops are in several stages. Most weed control has been completed in cereal crops and producers are looking at fungicide control on crops that are showing good yield potential. Overall cereal crops are looking average to below average.

Canola crops are showing the stress of wet conditions, lack of nutrients, and too much heat. Several crops are bolting and have not cabbaged out. Canola seeded by broadcast seeding methods has not developed a good root system and is showing more stress than conventional seeded crops.

Several producers were planting greenfeed this past week. Haying has started in all areas. Weather conditions have allowed producers to put up some good-quality feed. Pasture land continues to dry.

NORTHWEST REGION

Favourable weather conditions with seasonal temperatures continue to promote good crop development across the northwest region. Crop development is more advanced through the Swan River and Roblin areas. The majority of wheat is into flag-eaf stage and 20 per cent is heading. The majority of canola is at 80 per cent bloom.

Crops, through the remainder of the region east of Grandview, are less advanced with widely variable staging.

Fields have dried and the crops across the region could benefit from some rain. Herbicide application is reaching completion with many fungicide treatments applied as tank mix. In-crop weed control has been good.

In the eastern area, producers are making fungicide application decisions on a field-by-field basis relative to yield potentials. Unseeded acres are weedy and in many cases are left to aid in drying the land. Bertha armyworm trap counts are increasing slowly. A late-season increase of Diamondback moth trap counts has occurred. Swan River area reports cereal leaf beetle larvae in a few wheat fields.

Haying operations are general. Yields are reported to be average or better. The flood-impacted forage and pasture lands production potentials are unchanged.

CENTRAL REGION

Thunderstorms went through central region resulting in sporadic showers to heavy rain and some hail. Past weekend rain amounts varied in region from 15 to 25 mm.

Canola flowering varies depending on seeding dates with early-seeded fields close to finished. Late-seeded canola is getting larger leaves and starting into bolt stage.

Winter wheat fields are starting to change colour with maturity. Soybeans are in the third-to fourth-trifoliate stage. Edible beans are in the second-to third-trifoliate stage. Corn is at seven-to eight-leaf stage.

Late-seeded or fields with high weed pressure are still receiving herbicide applications. Fungicides are being applied to cereals in flag leaf and for cereals heading out for fusarium head blight suppression.

Canola is being sprayed for sclerotinia control. Diamondback moth numbers remain high in trap counts. Bertha armyworm trap counts are low. Wheat fields north of Rosenort have damage from thrips.

The past week saw a lot of haying take place with good yields but lower quality. Pastures continue to maintain adequate growth.

EASTERN REGION

Reports of hail damage to crops were received from areas in the east and southeast parts of the region including Stuartburn, Ridgeville, Arnaud, Sundown and Piney. Rainfall varied dramatically across the region.

Overall soil moisture was rated as ideal to full throughout the region. Other than late-seeded crop, most of the spring wheat in the region was in full flag-leaf stage with some head emergence occurring. Wheat midge north of Beausejour has been reported.

The earliest-seeded barley has fully emerged heads with the rest of the crop in flag-leaf to early-head emergence. Some drought stress has been noted in cereal crops in the driest areas of the region. The presence of aphids and barley thrips has also been noted in spring cereals.

Canola crop stage continues to span a wide range with the most advanced crop at 20 per cent flower or even further along and the late seed crop ranging between rosette stage and early bolt.

Fungicide applications for sclerotinia continued. Excessmoisture stress symptoms in crops like oats and late-seeded canola showed some improvement last week in areas that had not received any further significant rainfall. Flax development ranges from eight to 12 inches in height and flowering has started in a number of fields.

Soybeans range from the third-to the sixth-trifoliate stage. Soybean demonstrated a number of leaf symptoms this week with the most common being brown spot (Septoria) and bacterial blight. Also some fields appear to be significantly impacted by either root rots or phytophora root rot specifically.

Corn growth stage ranges from the V5 to V8 growth stage. Corn growth continues to accelerate given the sunny, warm weather. Sunflowers are in the V6 to V8 growth stages. Winter wheat crop conditions are still rated as fair to good across the region.

Any outstanding fungicide treatments for fusarium head blight were completed with the majority of crop moving into grain filling. Field colour is beginning to turn and some fields in drier areas that had poor root development early on and/or high levels of root rot are demonstrating drought symptoms. Hayfield condition ranges from fair to good across the region. First cut haying continues. Yields in southern areas of the region have been reported as two tons DM/acre for alfalfa and 1.75 tons for alfalfa/grass hay. In northern areas hay yields have been reported as about 80 per cent of normal expected yields. Pasture land conditions are rated as good.

INTERLAKE REGION

Warm and hot conditions prevailed throughout the past week. Precipitation in the early part of last week varied between areas and ranged from light showers to heavy rain. The Rosser and Meadows area received from 25 to 36 mm of rain whereas other parts of the Interlake received two to nine mm of rain.

The recent hot weather is advancing warm-season crops like corn and soybeans. The most advanced soybean crops are in the fifth-and early sixth-trifoliate leaf stage. Soybeans started flowering late last week in the southern areas of the reion. Hot temperatures have caused some herbicide stress on annual crops.

Early-planted cereal crops are flowering and winter wheat is in the milky dough stage. Surface application of fertilizer on late-seeded cereals was active late in the week as rain was forecast for the weekend. Fungicides are being applied to canola to control sclerotinia and to alfalfa seed to control botrytis. Seeding of greenfeed crops continues.

First-cut haying is general across the region where flooding hasn’t impeded field traffic. Second-cut harvest has begun on some fields. Pasture conditions have improved. Areas affected by flooding or excess moisture, mostly around Lake Manitoba and the inland lakes, remain challenged.

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