To determine if the rim joists in your home are insulated, go into your basement or crawl space and look up.
NDSU AGRICULTURE COMMUNICATION RELEASE
With heating and cooling costs fluctuating, many people are looking for ways to reduce home heating loss and cut their heat bills.
“An area that is often overlooked in homes is the rim joist,” says Carl Pedersen, North Dakota State University Extension Service energy educator. “Everyone knows walls need to have insulation. Basements are being insulated more often, but the rim joists are often overlooked.”
The rim joist is the part of a home where the framing meets the foundation (the wood meets the concrete). To determine if the rim joists in your home are insulated, go into your basement or crawl space and look up. If you see the wood framing without insulation, that means you are unnecessarily losing heat from your house. Wood and concrete are very poor insulators.
Before insulating, make sure to seal any air leaks. Since the wood framing does not make a perfect seal with the foundation, air often leaks in between these gaps and can cause significant increases in the heating bill. The ideal situation is to caulk these areas during construction to close off the majority of the air leaks and then install insulation, according to Pedersen.
If your rim joists are not insulated, you have three main types of insulation you can use: fibreglass batts, extruded polystyrene (rigid) and expanding foam. They each have advantages and disadvantages, so you will need to determine the best for your situation, Pedersen says.
Using fibreglass batts is one of the easiest methods of insulating. Simply cut the fibreglass insulation into roughly the shape of the opening and place the insulation in the gap. Fibreglass is a good insulator but is not effective at stopping air, so make sure fibreglass insulation has the vapour-retardant paper facing the heated space and tape all edges to stop air leaks.
Rigid insulation generally has a higher R-value than fibreglass, so it is a better insulator. The R-value indicates insulation’s resistance to heat flow. The higher the R-value, the greater the insulating effectiveness.
To use rigid polystyrene insulation, cut it to the shape of the rim joist opening and place the sections in the gap. Rigid insulation will cut more cleanly and easily using a power saw. After installing the insulation, caulk around the edges. Rigid insulation gives off toxic fumes when it burns, so it also needs to be covered with a 15-minute fire retarder, such as drywall.
You need to make sure when insulating rim joists that moisture does not leak behind the insulation, resulting in damage to the foundation and framing. A good alternative is to insulate the areas with expanding foam insulation. Closed-cell expanding foam has an R-value of six per inch, compared with an R-value or three for fibreglass insulation. Expanding foam also seals air leaks and forms around any obstructions.
Foam can be installed professionally or you can do it yourself. Many home improvement stores offer do-it-yourself kits for installing foam insulation. The foam will stick to everything and can create quite a mess if you don’t follow instructions, so make sure to follow all manufacturers’ recommendations when attempting any home projects.