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J. E. Smith purebred Clydesdales and Shorthorns

Our History: March 1890

If you were looking for cattle or horses in March 1890, this ad from the Nor’-West Farmer and Miller offered purebred Clydesdales and Shorthorns. J.E. Smith said his Shorthorns had won every red ticket except one at the Brandon Summer Exhibition and Souris Fall Fair.

The issue contained a long article on a continuing debate which began when the president of the Winnipeg Grain Exchange cautioned against sowing of frozen wheat seed. A reader identifying as “Rustic” from Napinka was one who wrote to differ.

“I have not heard of a single instance where the good grain produced a better yield than the frozen seed sown alongside; but I can give the names of scores of farmers who had better crops from the frozen seed…”

“I sowed frosted barley on May 28 that was reported at the experimental farm to be unfit for seed. It was the only seed that produced a fair yield on my farm.”

The article said, “One of the oldest settlers on the Portage la Prairie Plains, Wm. Kittson, Burnside, wrote Feb. 3:

“I have this day left at Burnside station two bags of frosted wheat of 1888 growth, same as I sowed in ’89. I have also left a sample of its products grown on summerfallow, most of it being manured. Its average was 40 bus. per acre. I am sure this craze against sowing frosted wheat is all moonshine.”

However, after a visit to the “upper Red River,” Professor Harper from the Minnesota state farm said, “Frozen wheat has in no case yielded a good crop… certainly our experience so far indicates that the better the seed, the better the crop.”

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