GFM Network News


A milk and ochre paint mixture used 49,000 years ago at Sibudu, South Africa. Researchers used chemical analysis to determine the origins of paint flakes found on ancient stones.

Milk, paint, wild beasts and an ancient African mystery

People were making paint long before previously thought

Around 49,000 years ago, someone in what is today South Africa mixed milk with ochre to produce a paint mixture. What the paint was used for remains unknown. But what is startling is that it was made earlier than the first previously known use of the paint — 47,000 years earlier. The mixture was preserved

Somaliland hopes oil will replace goat dependence

Reuters / Wanted: investors for small African nation with good oil and mineral potential — no seat at the United Nations but history of independence in rough neighbourhood. The breakaway nation of Somaliland is a tough sell but the recent announcement that serious hydrocarbon exploration is about to kick off there shows that oil talks,


Subsidies, New Methods Lift Zambian Farm Yields

Peasant farmer Joseph Mhlanga proudly points to the pile of maize or corncobs in his modest house: a good crop for him that is part of Zambia’s bumper harvest this year. “This is my maize from this year. I plan to start shelling it soon,” said Mhlanga, a spry 76-year-old retired schoolteacher who farms a

Herd Rebuilding Still A Ways Off

U.S. beef demand is good given the fragile nature of America’s economic recovery but corn prices and La Nińa are seen constraining expansion of the country’s biggest cattle herd in Texas, the head of the state’s cattle raisers association said Dec. 10. “I think we are very fortunate to have the demand that we have

Texas Cattle Herd May Take Years To Rebuild

The Texas cattle herd, America’s largest, could take five to seven years to rebuild to the level it was before much of the state was scorched by nearly two years of drought, a top cattleman said March 19. Dave Scott, president of the Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association (TSCRA), said while the drought was


Recession, Health Concerns Get Americans Gardening

Alison Baum of San Antonio, Texas hopes to save money and eat better by getting her hands dirty. She is joining the swelling ranks of Americans who have started backyard fruit and vegetable gardening, a trend rooted in a desire to cut costs as the recession bites, fears about the safety of commercial food supplies

Texas Feeder Says U. S. Cattle Herd May Shrink Further

The U. S. cattle herd may shr ink further from its current 50-year low before it starts to recover from the effects of recession, poor credit markets and in some places searing drought, a top cattleman said March 19. “It could shrink further, I think it can absolutely shrink,” said Jon Means, president of the