Canola oil can help trim inches off the waist

Researchers found a significant decrease of belly fat in a 
clinical trial of obese subjects who consumed canola oil

Canola oil can help reduce belly fat, a new study has found. About 20 per cent of adults in Canada have metabolic syndrome, a cluster of conditions — including belly fat — that increase the risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes. Researchers at the University of Manitoba, Laval University, and Penn State University tested […] Read more

Humans raised dairy animals for longer than thought

Our link to milk-producing animals dates back to the onset of agriculture

A team of scientists and archeologists has discovered widespread evidence of prehistoric milk production in southern Europe. The study, a collaboration between the U.K.’s University of York, the University of Bristol, and France’s Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, uncovered evidence that humans have been utilizing milk and dairy products across the northern Mediterranean region […] Read more

Scientists root out answers

A new and simpler method to measure root mass promises plant scientists better insight into the below-ground differences of plants

When it comes to plant roots it’s out of sight, out of mind. But roots are an essential part of almost all plants and crucial to plant productivity and food production. For scientists, a better understanding of roots is important and their measurement is increasingly of interest. The problem is measuring roots is a hard […] Read more

Flight simulator shows pesticide effects

High-tech approach at the University of Saskatchewan uses virtual reality more common to video games

A research project at the University of Sask­atchewan is using a virtual reality flight simulator to measure how locusts are affected by pesticides. Rachel Parkinson, a biology master’s student, is trying to see how insects react to neonicotinoids. “There is a lot of controversy over these pesticides,” said biology professor, Jack Gray, Parkinson’s supervisor. “They […] Read more

Cow antibodies show a path to fighting human disease

Novel vaccines combine natural antibodies and engineer antigens 
to trigger immune response

Old Bessie may have shown researchers a new way to fight human diseases. A recent paper from University of Guelph scientists says a novel vaccine that protects cattle from a viral-driven respiratory disease may hold the secret to creating similar treatments for human diseases, ranging from gut infections to HIV and cancer. Azud Kaushik, a […] Read more

Seaweed supplement could slash cattle methane

Australian researchers have seen as much as 99 per cent 
of emissions eliminated

Australian researchers are bringing a whole new meaning to ‘surf and turf.’ They’ve been working on a project funded by that country’s Commonwealth Science and Industry Research Organization (CSIRO) to use dried seaweed as a supplement in cattle feed to reduce methane emissions from cattle. They’ve discovered just a small amount of seaweed can mean […] Read more

Growth chamber system ‘test drives’ new varieties

Cameras can detect and quantify signals produced by plants

Following the lead of automakers who torture test their cars on special tracks that simulate real driving conditions, researchers at Michigan State University have developed a system to test drive new plant varieties before they reach the field. Called DEPI — Dynamic Environmental Photosynthetic Imaging — the system uses sensors, cameras and software to reproduce […] Read more

There may be a natural solution for fusarium

Researchers have identified a plant-microbe interaction that 
keeps Fusarium graminearum at bay

A microbe found in millet fields may prove to be the key to defeating Fusarium graminearum. Researchers at the University of Guelph, in a paper published in the journal Nature Microbiology, have shown a beneficial interaction between finger millet plants and microbes that live in their roots. This interaction seems to give the crop a […] Read more

Space agriculture key to exploration

Nobody knows exactly how space will affect plant growth and reproduction over the long term

Food is an essential of life and if humanity is to escape the cradle of Earth, producing food extraterrestrially is a looming challenge. A recent paper in the journal Botany Letters by French researchers from the University of Clermont-Ferrand, Auvergne demonstrates there are many challenges to address to ensure astronauts can grow enough food aboard […] Read more

Edible fat structure key to function

Canadian researchers are trying to understand what gives 
edible fats their texture

How are edible fats “built?” What gives them their unique textures? Nobody’s really sure, and that’s fuelling a research project by scientists at the University of Guelph, with the assistance of the United States Department of Energy and their Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Lemont, Illinois. The researchers hope to replace unhealthful trans and saturated […] Read more